Cassava Planting/Processing on Business Plans and Feasibility Study

Cassava Planting/Processing on Business Plans and Feasibility Study
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Cassava Planting/Processing on Business Plans and Feasibility Study

Cassava Planting/Processing on Business Plans and Feasibility Study is free for all. As a matter of facts, is a free guide on A to Z on cassava propagation. Furthermore, it include the soil, Rainfall needed, Propagation method, land preparation, planting, stem storage, Agronomic Practices, liming, fertilizer application, weeding in cassava, pest, diseases, yield, and finally, harvest of the cassava. Similarly, it give you all you need to know about cassava farming. Cassava Planting/Processing on Business Plans and Feasibility Study


Cassava business plans and Feasibility study

Cassava business plans and Feasibility study is a prerequisite for a successful business in cassava business. You need a business plan and a feasibility study report on cassava before you can access a loan. Business plan and a feasibility study report goes a long way to show you when the business breaks even. Furthermore, when you talk of business on loan, grant or funding investors, you must have a business plans and a feasibility study report to drive your point home. With that, the investors see’s the trend of your business and what s/he stands to gain when s/he invest in it. As a business owner, it gives you a clear picture of what you are doing per time. As a matter of facts, this is what we specialize in doing for you when we develop one for you. Click her to contact us now! !! !!!

Cassava Planting/Processing step by step guide

Cassava (Manioc) is the most important food Crops for Southern Nigeria with production capacity of 33.1 million tons (highest in the world and 20% of global production).

Soil

Cassava can be grown on a wide range of soil but best on deep, free draining soils with reasonable fertility levels. Choose well-drained, deep, loamy soils. Where such is not available sandy and clayey soils can be managed intensively for cassava production. However, very sandy and clayey soils should be avoided.

Cassava is one of the most drought tolerant food crops and can be successfully grown on marginal soils, giving reasonable yields where many other crops do not grow well. Cassava is adapted in temperatures ranging from 18 to 25°C, rainfall of 50 to 5000 mm annually, and poor soils with a pH from 4 to 9.

Rainfall

Cassava is highly drought resistant and grown in many parts where rainfall is low and unreliable.

Propagation

Cassava is propagated vegetatively, using stem cuttings. A variety of stem cuttings are carefully selected with multiple pest and disease resistance, high and stable root yields and acceptable quality characteristics that meet end users' requirements for food (Gari, Fufu, Fermented our etc) and Industrial raw materials (starch, chips, pellets, unfermented our etc). The major genetic factor that determines quality of roots is dry matter content.

Land Preparation

Cassava seed bed requires deep cultivation to a depth of 25 cm. A rough seed bed is preferred. Ridges or mounds are used in other areas and it encourages tuber development. Planting on ridges or mounds is a general practice in the rain forest and derived savanna zones in Nigeria.


Planting

Planting is done by use of Cuttings. These are parts of the stem which should be from a mature plant, especially the middle part. They should be 30 – 45 cm long with buds above the leaf scar.

Planting method and spacing: Cuttings may be buried in a horizontal position 7.5 – 10 cm deep or buried half way into the soil.

Plant population: The optimum plant population for high root yield is 10,000 plants per hectare obtainable when plants are spaced at 1 x 1 m. This population is seldom achieved at harvest due to losses caused by genetic and environmental factors. In other to harvest a plant population near the optimum an initial plant population/ha of 12,300 at 0.9 x 0.9m is recommended. The quantity recommended for 1 ha is 60 bundles of cassava stem. Maintain 100% planting rate by replacing dead or nonviable stems.

Stem Storage

Keep bundles of stems stacked vertically on the soil under a shade. The distal end of the stem should touch the soil. Moisten the soil regularly and keep the surrounding weed free. This way you can store your stems for more than 3 months. Under low relative humidity and heat stress store your stems in pits under shade. Stem quality Cassava stakes (cuttings) for planting should be taken from plants 8 – 18 months old. Stakes taken from older plants are lignied and they perform poorly due to delayed sprouting and rooting.

Agronomic Practices

Although Cassava is an easy Crop to cultivate, most farmers tend not to manage the Crop properly. Most of the time, cassava is planted on exhausted soils. Studies show that infertile soils produce 40% less Cassava storage root yields and the same trend can be observed in Cassava shoot yield. In areas where crop rotation is practiced, Cassava is usually grown at the end of the cycle, when the soils have already been exhausted. The production of Cassava is dependent on a supply of quality stem cuttings. In addition, Cassava stem cuttings are bulky and highly perishable as they dry up within a few days. Late planting of the Cassava crop is also a problem, even though Cassava is drought tolerant relative to other arable Crops. Studies have shown that cassava planted earlier gives higher yields than those planted late.

Liming 

It is recommended that 5 (50kg) bags of agricultural lime be applied /ha during land preparation.

Fertilizer Application

It depends on soil fertility. Ideally, Fertilizer recommendations should be based on soil analysis, but when this is not done, one can then use the land history and vegetation as a guide. For best yield, apply approximately 60Kg N (132Kg Indorama Granular Urea), 40Kg P2O5 and 40Kg K2O. Apply Fertilizer at 8 weeks after planting. Apply Fertilizer in a ring, 6 cm wide and 10 cm from the plant or broadcast with care around the plant, making sure the fertilizer does not touch the stem or leaves. Cassava Planting/Processing on Business Plans and Feasibility Study

Weeding

This is one of the major limiting factors to production accounting for more than 25% of the total cost and time of production. Integrated weed control (cultural, mechanical and chemical) is recommended. Keep the Crop weeded in the early rst 3 months. Intercropping also helps to suppress weeds. A total herbicide – Round up (a glyphosate) should be applied at the rate of 4–5 l/ha 10 days before land preparation. Post-planting weed control where a total herbicide was not used before land preparation, it is recommended that a selective pre-emergence herbicide be applied within three days after planting. Five litres of Primextra is recommended /ha.

Pests and Diseases Management

Pests

Cassava mealy bug: Attacks mainly the growing points of the plant causing stunting, leaf and shoot deformation. Severe damage leads to tuber quality deterioration. Control: Use clean and resistant varieties like Nase 1. Biological Control is also being tried in some districts.

Cassava green mite: It is a sucking pest which leads to reduced growth, scorching of leaves, tiny leaf production, leaf fall and eventually a plant without leaves, This causes great yield reduction or loss.

Diseases

The Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD) is the most feared virus disease at the moment. It causes reduced leaf size, malformed and twisted leaves with yellow areas separated by areas of normal green color. Severely affected plants are stunted.

Yield

Cassava takes 8 – 36 months to mature depending on the variety and yield vary depending on variety and soil type. Average yields are 10 –30 tons/ha. of 25 t/ha and above can be obtained with good agronomic practices and management.

Harvesting

Cassava harvesting may be done piecemeal (one by one) or by uprooting whole plants. A stick or hoe may be used to remove the tubers. Cassava cannot be stored fresh for a long time. It is therefore sliced and dried in the sun. In dry form, it can be kept for long periods of time in a dry bag in a place such as granary or other food stores. The dry cassava may also be pounded into our which can be stored for a long period of time in a dry place.
Cassava Planting/Processing on Business Plans and Feasibility Study


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Generally, our feasibility study and business plans are developed so well that it becomes irresistible when you show them to your investors or sponsors. It gives you a clear picture of what you are expected to see when you put the feasibility study or business plans into use. It also shows how much it will cost you to own your desired business, what your money can afford. The kinds of product you will need to minimize input in other to maximize output, and how much returns you will get at the end of each accounting year until your business break-even on its initial investment capital. This will give the intending business person or investor or farmer, a vivid idea on the possible benefit he or she stands to gain, when he or she starts doing the business. With that, the intending business person or investor or farmer will not need a soothsayer to make decision for him or her.


You can use this format in developing your own business Plans and feasibility Study

OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;

  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS



  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX

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·         NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.

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·         This is just a sample of our executive summary on poultry feasibility study and business plan, carried out in Rivers State. 

·         1st sample;



These Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions in other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study. 



Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi. 



Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom, its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration. 



After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria, it was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.

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