Fish Feasibility Report / Business Plans - Unique writers

Fish Feasibility Report / Business Plans - Unique writers
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Fish Feasibility Report / Business Plans - Unique writers

Fish Feasibility Report / Business Plans - Unique writers is a free Article. We are here to give you a free Consultation Services On Fisheries generally. This is just a tip of an iceberg when we write for you. You can develop your own from our business plans and Feasibility Table of content. Better still, engage us to day lets give you a good one for your investors and personal use. As a matter of facts, this article is written to educate everyone on fish farming business.

Fish Feasibility Report / Business Plans - Unique writers



Similarly, it is from the tables of Dr. Amaeshi Uzoma francis (Frhd; Mnim) in collaboration with: mr. Ntegum idaw-owaji Erasmus. Furthermore, the focus location was Ataba Town, Andoni Local government area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Business Plans and Feasibility Studies goes with location. Your location can not be the same with this one. Contact us today lets carry out a Professional business plans and Feasibility Report for you.  In like manner, we will break it down for easy understanding for all. 


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Executive Summary

The Fish Farm Estate project is designed to meet the demands of the commercial town of Ataba in Andoni Local Government Area of Rivers State. The main economic significance of the proposed project is to narrow down the fish demand-supply gap deficit in Rivers State in Particular and Nigeria in general. It will provide alternative activities of crude oil extraction in the area, as well as the supply of proteins and micronutrients for feeding the teaming population of Rivers state and Nigeria at large. The fish farm estate project aims specifically at Table-fish size and Fingerlings production to boost the domestic fish supply in the country and for export purposes too. The cost benefit analysis in the work has shown that 180 tons of table fish and 2 million fingerlings are realizable in six months of production with net profit of about NGN58.32m. This implies that about NGN116.64.0m is realizable annually from two production cycles with a return on investment (ROI) of over 100% which signifies that the project is very much Feasible, Viable and Profitable. 

1.0. Introduction

1.1 Feasibility study Objective

The main objective of carrying out this study is to establish a viable and attractive Fish Farming industry at Ataba Town, Andoni Local Government Area of Rivers State. This project report therefore assesses the project site with the view to recommending a viable fish farming system and to provide fish farm plans with technical and managerial inputs.

1.2 Project Conceptualization

Fish Farming in Ataba Town, Andoni Local Government Area of Rivers State has been conceptualized due to the activities of crude oil exploitation and production industries which resulted into water pollution, thereby almost making fish which is a source of livelihood go extinction in Ataba Town, Andoni LGA and Rivers state in general. Moreover, the need to conserve foreign exchange hitherto spent on a massive importation of frozen fish into the country, further informed the project concept. Also the project has been motivated by the following considerations:
  • The large population growth in Rivers state, Aba the commercial city of Abia state and its neighbouring States, upsurge in economic, social and industrial development. Improved standard of living and feeding habits are clear evidence of huge demand for fish in the country.
  • Reducing the pressure on foreign currency due to fish importation and its after effects on the nation’s economy.
  • The growing need for the diversification of the nation’s economy from crude oil production to fish or other agricultural produce
  • Changing the current practice employed by Nigerian fish farmers which is largely subsistence level to more modern commercial fish farming system, which emphasizes large units of production, labour saving, effective management of factors of production and higher output per hectare.

It is however noteworthy that the principal challenges of modern fish farming in the Nigerian context are related to changing climatic conditions, unavailability of necessary inputs, public policies on agriculture as well as security. It is important that management be constantly aware of these problems such that the fish farming system as well as operating methods are tailored to overcome those challenges, if high yields are to be achieved.


1.3 Marketing Strategy

In arriving at a set of strategies for marketing of farmed fish produced by this project, a number of strategic options were considered. It is however, our strong view that the adoption of a wellarticulated marketing strategy is imperative, especially in the areas of distribution, pricing, promotion and public relations. This will definitely create a market niche for itself. Fish is of great demand in Rivers State and other neighbouring states especially the South-Eastern States (Edo, Bayelsa, Delta, Akwa-Ibom, Cross-Rivers Abia, Imo, Anambra, Enugu and Ebonyi) of Nigeria; hence markets are readily available within the project locality, neighbouring states as well as the entire country at large.

1.4 Medium of Fish Supply

It is our utmost view that the most effective medium for marketing the fish products is to establish a direct link with the owners of cold stores/rooms dealing with aquatic products. Such outlets could be utilized for selling the farmed fish. Another option is to establish link with wellestablished hotels, restaurants, schools, and guesthouses for the evacuation of the harvested farmed fish. The third option is to sell fish directly to the local markets. Our investigations also showed that local markets located within and around Ataba town and its environs would be too willing to purchase fish on daily basis. This medium should be pursued vigorously. Private individuals should be encouraged to make small purchases from time to time. Farmed fish may also be processed (value addition), stored and sold at convenience while brood stock fish and fingerlings will be sold to farmers at affordable cost.

2.0. Context of the study
2.1 Market Analysis
2.1.0 Market Area Definition

Due to environmental pollutions resulting from crude oil production activities, Andoni River and indeed other Rivers in Rivers state has diminished in the production of fishes. Therefore the entire Andoni LGA and by extension Rivers state with neighbouring state (Abia, Imo, Anambra, Ebonyi, Bayelsa, Delta, Akwa-Ibom, Cross-Rivers, Edo & Enugu), will be the target market for the project. Below is the analysis of data at the level of census agglomeration (CA), Census Metropolitan area (CMA) or municipality of Ataba Town and its adjoined neighbouring communities and local government areas where the project is to be sited. The project is expected to supply fish to these neighbouring communities in table 1 above and they serve as the primary target market of the project. This average distance of these neighbouring communities to the site or location of the project is approximately 20km

Table1: Targeted Primary Market and estimated households
S/No
Neighbouring Communities
Estimated Households
1.
Oyorokoto
9,225
2
Kaa
15,540
3
Ajakajak
8,456
4
Agbakorma
3,876
5
Ama John
500
6
Isita
150
7
Isijoro
123
8
Ibotirem
6,032
9
Dema
9,287
10
Nbilaka
83
11
Iyoba
23

Total
53,145
Source: Author’s field Survey o Residents neighbouring communities to the project location, 2016

Table 2: Targeted Market LGAs estimated Population (Source: Nigeria 2006 National Population census)
S/No
Local Govt Area
 Populations
Estimated Households (Ave. of  5 persons/Household)
1
Bonny
215,358
43,072
2
Khana
294,217
58,843
3
Gokhana
228,828
45,766
4
Okirika
222,026
44,405
5
Opobo/Nkoro
151,511
30,302
6
Ogu/Bolo
74,683
14,937
7
Andoni
211,009
42,202

Total
1,297,632
279,527

Table 2 also is a target market but apparently a secondary target market, with population size of One Million Two Hundred & Ninety Seven Thousand, Six Hundred & Thirty Two (1,297,632). This represents other neighbouring local government areas of Rivers state and when production attained maximum, other LGAs and neighbouring states not listed above will be reached out to for sales.

 2.1.1 Quantitative Research

Using the primary and secondary market target, we will be able to determine, the population size, age, income distribution, educational attainment, marital status. It will further show statistics of household composition and the number of dwelling units in the market area, as well as tenure (rental or ownership) and dwelling types (such as single-detached housing, townhouses, bungalows. All of these in the tables below show projected demand of the products.


Table 3 Age, sex and Marital distribution of Targeted Market LGAs
S/No
Age Limit
Male
Female
No
%
Single (%)
Married
(%)
No
%
Single
(%)
Married
(%)
1
0-10
90,834
7
100
-
25,953
2
100
-
2
11-20
103,812
8
100
-
51,905
4
100
-
3
21-30
181,668
14
65
35
90,834
7
52
48
4
31-40
259,526
20
23
77
116,787
9
18
82
5
41-50
129,763
10
18
82
77,858
6
2
98
6
51-60
51,905
4
10
90
25,953
2
-
100
7
61-70
38,929
3
5
95
12,976
1
-
100
8
Ø    70
25,953
2
2
98
12,976
1
-
100

Total
882,390
68
323
477
415,242
32
272
528
Source: Author’s field Survey on resident of Study area LGA


Table 4 Educational Status of Targeted Market LGAs
S/No
Institutions
Frequency
Percent
1
University
389,290
30
2
Polytechnic/Colleges of Educations
402,266
31
2
Secondary Schools
142,740
11
3
Vocational/Technical Schools
103,810
8
4
Primary School
142,740
11
5
None
116,781
9

Total
1,297,632
100
Source:  Author’s field Survey on residents of Study area LGA 2016


Table 5 Occupational Status of Targeted Market in Neighbouring LGAs
S/No
Occupation of Residents
Frequency
Percentage (%)
1
Contractors
181,668
14.0
2
Clerical office/ unskilled workers
159,609
12.3
3
Technicians/Drivers
242,657
18.7
4
Trading
109,001
8.4
5
Skilled Labour
202,431
15.6
6
Farming/Fishing
32,441
2.5
7
Unemployed
369,825
28.5

Total
1,297,632
100.0
Source; Author’s Field Survey on Resident Target market LGAs 2016


Table 6 Percentage Distribution of Income of Targeted Markets in Neighbouring LGAs
S/No

An
160,367
Kh
223,605
GO
173,909
OK
168,740
OB
56,759
ON
115,148
BO
163,672
1
Less than ₦50,000
8.4
7.6
4.4
5.9
6.8
8.2
6.9
2
₦50,000-99,999
9.8
8.2
8.7
6.7
7.9
8.6
7.1
3
₦100,000-149,999
8.7
9.0
9.9
8.5
8.2
9.4
8.5
4
₦150,000-199,999
8.0
9.2
10.3
10.8
9.8
10.1
8.9
5
₦200,000-249,999
10.2
11.8
11.7
10.1
10.8
10.7
9.0
6
₦250,000-299,999
10.7
12.2
13.4
10.0
11.2
11.9
13.9
7
₦300,000-349,999
12.8
11.8
10.6
13.3
12.8
12.5
14.8
8
₦350,000-399,999
14.8
13.2
14.8
16.2
15.2
13.9
15.0
9
₦400,000&Above
16.6
17.0
16.2
18.5
17.3
14.7
18.1

Total
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Source Author’s Field Survey on Working Class of the population in Targeted Market LGAs


Table 7. Statistics of Tenure of Household Composition in Target Market LGAs
S/No
Status
Single Rooms
Single Detached
Town House
Bungalows
Duplex
Total (%)
1
Rentals
28.8
20.2
18.0
17.0
16.0
100
2
Ownership
14.6
18.2
20.4
22.8
24
100


2.1.2 Qualitative Research Analysis

Following the survey of the target market conducted and data collated from the neighbouring local government areas, the following amenities shall be provided in the Fish Farming Estate to attract households to relocate to the Estate. They include;
1.                  Installation of CCTV Camera for monitoring and surveillance.
2.                  Installation of security bits within the Estate
3.                  Installation of double perimeter fence around the Estate.
4.                  Provision of Internet (Wi-Fi, Wireless or cable).
5.                  Installation of intercoms between the security bits and residential accommodation.
6.                  Provision of recreational grounds for children.
7.                  Establishment of Estate clubs for residents.
8.                  Provision of swimming pool and GYM room for residents.
9.                  Building of schools within the Estate.
Further survey reveal that there will be a plan for residents especially those that bought building to invest in the Fish Farming project when it comes on stream. This will be done through the sales of shares and money realised will be used to develop similar Estates in other local government areas of the state.

2.1.3 Market Data Analysis
The primary target market shown in Table 1 reveals the communities and the household around the location of the Fish Farming Estate. They are just 20-40km radius from the location and due to their desire for fish as their sources of protein, 70% of the residents will always find themselves to the Fish Farm Estate to purchase fish. Table 2 is the secondary target market and because of the large population, it is a viable market for sale of products. Before crude oil production started in these local government areas, their main occupation was farming and fishing, but due to the effects of crude oil production activities resulting into pollution of lands and water bodies, their occupation has shifted from fishing and farming as shown in Table 5.

Table 3 shows that 68% of the population in the target market are male while 32% are women. It further revealed that, the target market has high population of labour force which fell between the age brackets of 21-50 with a total of 66% of the population. With this figure, labour supply will be available and cheap, since 28.5% are unemployed as shown in table 5. Therefore, it will be a viable market for affordable labour supply for the project.

Table 4 shows that only 9% of the population didn’t receive any form of education whereas 91% has one level of education or the other. With 30% acquiring education to university level, meaning that the educational awareness of the people is very high and the quest for a better and affordable standard of living is also be high. This kind of people know the importance of fish in their daily living and therefore will require little or no awareness campaign to purchase fish from the Fish Farming Estate. More so when they know the standard established by the Fish Farming Estate management and with high educational level attainment, the project is already a success.

Furthermore, the kind of occupation and the income distribution of the target market as shown in table 5 and 6 respectively show that the target market already has the purchasing power for the products of the Fish Farm Estate. Contractors and Skilled labours have a total of 29.6% of the population. This shows that most of them work in Oil and Gas producing companies located within the area and this can be seen to reflect in their income as shown in table 6. The level of income has made residents to move away from rental accommodation to building of befitting accommodation of their own as evident in table 7. The analysis above should prove that the primary and secondary target market is a hub for business and therefore the project and future expansion will be a success.

 2.2. Site Selection and Location Analysis

The following indices were employed by the consultants to fully assess the project sites with the view to determining its suitability for the purpose to which it was proposed:
  • Location of the project site.
  •  Topography of the entire site.
  • Soil (edaphic) factors.
  • Hydrology and hydrogeology. 
  • Vegetation cover.
  • Accessibility of the project site.
  • Title of land deeds.
  • Sponsors of the Project and
  • The Consultants


2.2.0 Location of the Project Site

The proposed Fish Farming Estate is to be located in Island of Ataba Town, Andoni Local Government Area of Rivers State. The site is excellent as it is very close to the Atlantic Ocean signifying that, fish farming inputs can easily be transported through the sea route to other neighbouring states at minimum cost. Furthermore, harvested farm products can easily be transported to the markets for sale at daily markets such as Kaa, Oyorokoto, and Igwenga. The site though an island is also motor able with a connecting bridge from Kaa community in Khana LGA, hence vehicles can easily reach the site to evacuate fish farm products. All these factors indicate that very little transportation cost would be incurred in evacuating the farmed products.

2.2.1 Topography of the Project Site

The topography of the proposed site is generally flat with gentle slope towards the river making it difficult for rain to wash away any soil contaminant into the river. This is quite suitable for establishing a fish farm with minimum financial outlay. Generally land of this nature poses little or no constraint to integrated farming systems (FDALR, 1990)

2.2.2 Soil factors
The textural and structural characteristics of the soil at the site vary from the Northern plank to the Southern axis. Whereas most parts of the Northern plank consist of loamy and sandy loam soil, the Southern axis composed of chikoko soil, swamps, and clay soil, which is ideal for earthen pond development. However, the remaining part of the site with sandy and loamy soil could equally be utilized for establishing an indoor hatchery complex as well as concrete fish tanks of assorted sizes. This variation of the soil characteristics is expected in a conventional setting and does not pose any threat to fish farming.

2.2.3 Hydrology and Hydrogeology
The proposed site is very close to a natural creek with saline water river, which can supply the much needed water requirement for the fish farm ponds. Because of the activities of oil and gas production companies on our surface water, treatment plants will be installed at water entry points to remove perceived contaminant. Diverting the river into an earthen reservoir is very much feasible but due to salinity of the river, treatment will be quite expensive, so there is need for the provision of Industrial Water boreholes with treatment plant as source of potable water for the residents of the Fish Farm Estate.



2.2.4 Vegetation Cover
The location of the project site falls within the Southern tropical rain forest with large vegetation and mangroves which has to be cleared to pave way for construction works in the farm. Also there are economic trees like mangoes, cashew and palm trees seen at the location, for ponds coverage.

2.2.5 Accessibility of the Site

The proposed Fish Farming Estate is very much accessible as it is very close to the linking bridge and access roads, signifying that raw materials and products can easily be transported to and from the farm with little cost. Also the water routes create easy transportation of products to the demanding neighbouring target market and states.

2.2.6 Title of Land

Idasiye Global Fish Farm Estate hopes to acquire 5 hectares of land at the said location. Details of this are available under the financial analysis.

2.2.7 The Sponsors of the project

The Fish Farming Estate Project in Ataba Town, Andoni Local Government Area of Rivers State would be financed partly by Idasiye Global Farm, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Africa Agriculture Development Bank and World Bank Plc, with an investment share capital of 30%, 30%, 20% and 20%.respectively. Private sector income earning within the primary and secondary target market will also be encourage. This is for the purpose of future project expansion. This can only happen, after setting up the fish farm, begin production and sales of products from the Fish Farming Estate project for at least six (6) months.

2.2.8 Price of the Land

The price of the land is captured in the budget for the project (see details in table for total estimate of the Fish Farm Estate project).

2.2.9 Location and Neighbourhood

The following location and neighbourhood selection criteria of market give option for the selection of Fish Farm Estate project in Ataba Town, Andoni LGA of Rivers State and they include;
1.                  A lot of Oil and Gas industries are located within 70km neighbourhood of the project.
2.                   Several commercial cities and communities like Kaa, Bori, Eleme, Onne etc are located approximately 120km from the project site.
3.                  The Atlantic Ocean whose breeze cools the vicinity and neutralise the polluted air around the project site is also considered.
4.                  Industrial estate like Prodeco camp at Onne in Eleme LGA located close to the project site is also a criterion.

2.2.10 Proximity to Service and Amenities

Apart from clubs and other recreational centres that Fish Farm Estate offer, the Estate is also close to beaches at Ikuru Town and Oyorokoto, Andoni LGA. The beach has entertainment centres, bars, shopping malls and clubs. Therefore residents of the Fish Farm Estate can make good use of these options with their families.

2.2.11 Zoning, Services and Site Condition

Due to the type of personalities and the kind of building within and around the vicinity of the Fish Farm Estate, the area is properly zoned with adequate parking lots to accommodate a good number of cars. Also apart from the utilities (water, electricity, internet, sewer, gas, cables, telecommunication etc) that will be provided by the Fish Farm Estate, which to a large extent serves as backup plan, the site should have access to municipal utility services and infrastructure (roads, bridges and walk sides). 

Due to the flat nature of parcel of land for the Fish Farm Estate Project, there is easy accessibility within and around the Fish Farm Estate especially for the older residents of the target market, who may prefer to walk around the Estate. Although the parcel of land is about 5% sloppy, it will aid to convey rain water and other soil pollutant to the nearby rivers, which is also a form of soil remediation and avert flooding within the Estate. Due to the activities of Oil and Gas companies within the surroundings of the Estate, soil remediation may be required to remove other heavy soil pollutant that will pose threat to the life of the products of the Fish Farm. Although it is a virgin land, there is no presence of wildlife that will threaten both the life of the residents and the products in the Fish Farm Estate Project at present and in future.

2.2.12 Size and Shape of the Site
The size and shape of the land is very good and will allow for expansion of 5 to 10 hectares, since there is still vast and flat large hectares of land around the vicinity of the project.

2.2.13 Potential Development Partners
With the prospect expected from the success of the project, wider target market may have the opportunity to partner with, develop and expand the projects.

2.2.14 Municipal Fees and Charges
Following several discussions with relevant agencies and knowing the significance of the project to the Federal Government, approved agencies levies such as building permits and development charges, on new development, including residential and institutional accommodation are expected to be considerably reduced. This is because of government urgent need to diversify the economy and in a way to encourage private investors in agriculture. Therefore there is large cost savings arising from the location of the project in the area.

2.3 Competitive Market Analysis
Table 8.  Distribution of Fish Farm Project within the Target market LGAs.
S/No
Area (M2)
Go
Kh
ON
Bo
OB
Ok
An
Total Fish Farm
1
10
1
1
2
3
2
1
2
12
2
50
-
-
1
3
-
1
1
6
3
100
1
1
-
1
1
-
-
4
4
Total







22

Table 8 shows that there are 22 fish farms within the target market local government area and apparently the fish production will not be much to cater for the 279,527 estimated household (Table 2). Therefore the competitiveness of the target market is quite low, compare to this particular project (Fish Farm Estate) we are about to execute. It also means that the products are for subsistence in the small local markets within the primary target market.

Our survey observation also shows the absence of residential accommodation within the farms even for the staff. Unlike the proposed Fish farm Estate in Ataba Town, Andoni LGA Rivers State that have residential accommodation for both staffs and potential target market partners with modern facilities like wireless internet, recreational centre (club, GYM, and wine bars), swimming pool, good school and several other amenities. Such a place will not have revival for competitive market because none of the target market residents and potential investors, sponsors and developer will see a viable investment opportunity and opt for the former. The only thing to be done to attract more target market is to ensure continuous improvement, upgrade, expansion and adequate sensitisation of the project to the target market.

There is also need for professionalism in the project. All staffers are expected to carry out their duties in the most professional ways. Management of the Estate are to ensure that policies for setting up of the Estate are strictly followed. And when potential target market sees the level of sincerity, trust and return of investment within a short while, they will be forced not to look elsewhere but to be part of investors, developer and partners in the Fish Farm Estate in Ataba Town, Andoni Local Government Area, and Rivers state.

2.3.0. Financial Feasibility Analysis.

This area talks about the scope of work, project Cost, organisation &supervision, and revenue that will be generated from the project. It captured potential investor’s financial expectation.

 2.3.1. The Scope of the Project

  • The Proposed Fish Farming Estate in Ataba Town, Andoni Local Government Area of Rivers State consists of construction and installation of two (2) Standard Industrial Water Boreholes with overhead tanks.
  • Construction of an Indoor Hatchery Complex.
  • Construction of five (5). Outdoor Concrete Nursery tanks.
  • Construction of twenty (20). Concrete Production Tanks.
  • Construction and installation of a Feed Mill Complex.
  • Construction of Farmhouse, Staff Quarters and other supporting infrastructure.
  • Construction of Training hall.
  • Construction of Fish Processing Centre and cold storage facility
  • Construction of Fish Marketing Centre.
  • Procurement of fish farming inputs, hatchery equipment and farm implements.
  • Procurement of farm utility vehicles.
  • Procurement an electric generator.
  • Procurement and installation of twenty (20) 2.0 circular fibreglass tanks.
The Fish Farm Complex will consist of twenty (20) Concrete Production Tanks measuring 10m x 10m x 1.0m each, five (5) Concrete Nursery Tanks and Procurement of twenty (20). circular fiberglass/earthen Tanks. Each of the tanks will be fitted with all the necessary water control structures (inlets and outlets) for directing water into the tanks and drainage respectively. The water inlets would be provided with showerheads to allow for maximum oxygenation of pond water during impoundment. All the ponds would further be screened with fine netting material to prevent entry of predators into the ponds as well as exit of farmed fish into the wild life. A gentle slope would be maintained in all the ponds bottom to ensure 100% drainage of pond water. A feed mill complex capable of milling 5.0 tons of feed per hour will be procured and installed in the farm to produce the muchneeded fish feed for farming operations. A milling house measuring about 6 meters long and 4 meters wide with a store will also be constructed to house the feed mill and store raw materials and processed feed respectively. An indoor hatchery complex comprising two circular concrete tanks of 2.0 meters diameter each, 2 rectangular concrete tanks of 2.0 meters by 2.0 meters each, a laboratory, a store and an office will also be constructed to produce the muchneeded fingerlings required in the farm and for sale to other fish farmers within the locality. A farm house comprising an office, security post and living rooms will also be constructed in the farm. A standard fish processing centre and training hall will be constructed to allow for value added fish products and training of farmers respectively. Two (2) Industrial Boreholes with overhead tanks will also be constructed to provide the much needed water for the fish farm estate project. A fish marketing centre will also be constructed for storage and marketing of fishery products while fish farming equipment, stand by electric generator and farm utility vehicle will be procured for use in the integrated fish farm estate.

2.3.2 Total Cost of Project, Organization and Supervision of the fish farm project.
The construction works of the project must be completed within the stipulated period and in accordance with the estimated budget. Adequate and continuous supervision of the project is quite imperative and must be provided by the client to ensure that work is carried out to specifications. Application of all relative permits required for the project should be filed. Necessary subcontracts should also be prepared. In order to ensure smooth execution of the work, targets, resource allocation, duration and support facilities, a separate chart showing estimated cost (bill of quantities) and simple activity schedule are prepared for ease of reference (Tables 9 and 10 respectively). However, various alternatives can always be considered when materials and resources are laid out.

Table 9 Simple Activity Schedule for the Fish Farm Project
S/No
Activity
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
1
Preparation of feasibility Report












2
Supply of materials












3
Mobilization












4
Construction and Installation of Boreholes












5
Construction of Concrete Production Tanks












6
Construction of Indoor Hatchery Complex












7
Construction Outdoor Nursery Concrete Tanks












8
Construction of water control structures












9
Installation of Feed Mill and shed construction












10
Construction of Farm
house & Security post












11
Construction of Staff Quarters












12
Construction of Fish Processing Centre












13
Construction of Fish Marketing Centre












14
Construction of Training Hall












15
Construction of Electric Generating Set Housing












16
Commissioning of Project segment













Table 10 Estimated Total Project Cost.
S/No
Items
Unit Cost
Quantity
Amount (₦)
A
LAND ACQUISITION
Lump Sum
(5.0 Ha)
10.0m

Sub-Total


10.0m
B
CONSTRUCTION WORK

Construction of earthen/Fibre glass production ponds
Lump sum
20 Nos
6.0m

Construction of Concrete production tanks
Lump Sum
20 Nos
8.0m

Construction of Cottage Indoor Hatchery Complex
Lump Sum
1 Unit
4.0m

Construction of Boreholes
Lump sum
2 Units
4.0m

Construction of Concrete rearing tanks
Lump Sum
10 Nos
2.8m

Construction of Water Control Structures
Lump sum
Assorted
0.4

Construction of Farm House (Office, Store & Loft Net)
Lump Sum
1 Unit
4.0m

Construction of Staff Quarters
Lump Sum
2 Units
6.0m

Construction of Training Hall
Lump Sum
1 Unit
4.0m

Construction Fish Market Centre
Lump Sum
1 Unit
2.8m

Construction of Feed Mill Complex with Feeds Store
Lump sum
1 Unit
4.0m

Construction of Fish Processing Centre
Lump Sum
1 Unit
2.5m

Sub-Total
NGN 48.5m
C
PROCUREMENT

50KVA Generating Sets
0.5m
2 Units
1.0m

Feed Mill Unit ( Hammer Mill, Mixer, Dryer & Pelletizer
Lump Sum
1(5 tons/Hr)
5.0m

Utility/Operational Vehicles (Trucks, Hilux, Buses, Assorted Cars
7.0m
6 Nos
42.0m

Over Head Tanks
0.1m
10 Nos
1.0m

Fish Farming Equipment
Lump Sum
MISC
2.0m

Sub-Total
51.0m
D
IMPUT SUPPLY

Fish Brood Stock (200)
0.4m

Fingerlings (200,000)
4.0m

Fish Feeds Assorted
14.0m

Fish Feeds Ingredients
2.5m

Fertilizers and Lime
0.2m

Fry Feed, Hormones
0.2m

Drugs and Medications
0.2m

Sub-Total
21.5m
E
STAFF SALARIES AND ALLOWANCES

Farm Manager (1 Nos) @₦120,000/Month X 6 Months
0.72m

Marketing Manager (1 Nos) @ ₦100,000/Month X 6 Months
0.6m

Farm Accountant (1 Nos) @ ₦100,000/Month X 6 Months
0.6m

Fishery Overseers (2 Nos) @ ₦70,000/Month X 6 Months
0.84m

Farm Watchman (4 Nos) @ ₦50,000/Month X 6 Months
1.2m

Farm Drivers/Mechanics (6 Nos) @₦50,000/Month X 6 Months
1.8m

Farm Attendant (2 Nos) @₦50,000/Month X 6 Months
0.6m

Sub-Total
6.36m
F
MISCELLANEOUS EXPENSES

Oil, Fuel and Lubricants
0.12m

Advertisement
0.2m

Sundry Expenses
0.5m

Insurance & Legal Fees
1.5m

Sub-Total
2.32m
Table 11 Summary of Estimated Total Project Cost
S/No
Items
Amount (₦)
A
Land Acquisition
10.0m
B
Construction Work
48.5m
C
Procurement
51.0m
D
Input Supply
21.5m
E
Staff Salaries and Allowances
6.36m
F
Miscellaneous Expenses
2.32m

Grand Total Cost of Project
139.68m

2.3.3. Expected Estimated Production from the Project
The following assumptions in estimating the expected production outcome:
v    Each fish weighs 1.0kg averagely.
v    Production cycle of six months.
v    10 percent fish mortality.
v    The Fish Farm Estate is expected to produce 360,000kg of fish and 2 million fingerlings and juveniles in the next 6 months production cycles.

2.3.4 Expected Estimated Revenue Generation from the Project
After proper market survey on the sales of the products, the following assumptions were made;
v    Price of One kg of Fish is NGN 500/kg.
v    Price of Fingerling/Juvenile is NGN 20/piece

Table 12 Estimated Revenue Generations from the Project
S/No
Items
Unit Price (₦)
Quantity (kg)
Amount (₦)

Total Products



1
Sales of Table Fish assuming 10% Mortality
500/Kg
324,000.00
162.0m
2
Sales of Fingerlings/Juveniles
20/piece
1.8million
36.0m

Grand Total
198.0m

2.3.5. Economic Viability of the Fish Farm Project
The cost benefit analysis above has shown that 180 tons of table fish and 2 million fingerlings are realizable in six months of production with a net profit of about N58.32m bearing in mind that total fixed and operation costs have been deducted from the revenue of first production cycle, taking 10% mortality rate into consideration. More profit will be realizable in subsequent production cycles especially when two production cycles per year could be achieved in Nigeria.
The profitability of the Fish Farm Estate Project can be calculated by subtracting the cost of the project from the expected revenue generation
Profit = Estimated Expected Revenue-Estimated Cost = NGN 198.0-139.68 = NGN 58.32m.

 3.  MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

The overall responsibility for the management of the Fish Farm Estate is vested on the Farm Manager. He must be a person of proven integrity with progressive and dynamic qualities. He should be able to exhibit traits of managerial capabilities in handling both administrative and financial activities on the farm. Corps of direct and indirect staff should in turn support him. In addition to technical knowledge and skills, the farm staff must possess drive and determination to get the job well done. The management staff must be prepared to put extra time and efforts, which are considered vital to the smooth operation of the farm. The staff must also ensure that production targets are met within specified period. It has therefore become imperative that merit and rationality be given adequate attention in the selection of the Farm Manger and other supporting staff. However, the view of the consultants is that, Fisheries experts (Aqua culturists) should carry out the recruitment exercise for the company. To achieve maximum productivity the management and administration of the Fish Farm Estate in Ataba Town, Andoni local government area, will carry out activities such as fish pond management, fertilization, stocking of fish, feeding, water quality management, sampling and harvesting of products.

3.0 Fish Pond Management
a. Selection of Fish Species
Although a large number of fish species grow successfully in fishponds only a restricted number are usually recommended for culture in ponds. Therefore, fish species exhibiting some of the following characteristics are usually selected for stocking in ponds:

  • Adaptability to the environment.
  • Faster growth rate.
  • Efficient converter and utilization of both natural and artificial fish feed.
  • Hardy and can tolerate adverse environmental fluctuations.
  • Resistance to diseases.
  • Palatable with high nutritive value.
  • Acceptability to the local community.
  • Is of high demand in the market.
  • Has high market price


In order to find all these qualities in one fish is very difficult, hence fish species having the maximum required qualities are usually selected for pond culture. The following fish species are highly recommended for fishpond culture in the fish farm estate:
  • Clarias gariepinus                                                          Mud catfish (African catfish).
  • Heterobranchus bidorsalis/longifilis                                       African bony tongue.
  • Heterotis niloticus                                                                   African bony tongue.
  • Cyprinus carpio                                                                      Common carp.
  • Oreochromis niloticus                                                             Nile tilapia.
  •  Heteroclarias                                                                          Hybrid catfish


Two fish species namely; Clarias gariepinus and Oreochromis niloticus are recommended for culture in the Fish Farm Estate. This is because of their unique growth performance within a short period of time. These fingerlings time are readily available in various parts of the country viz;

  • National Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research (NIFFR), New Bussa, Niger State.
  • Durante Fish Farm Limited, Ibadan, Oyo state.
  • Fagam Fish Farm, Mariri, Kano State
  • Panyam Fish Farm, Mangu LGA, Plateau State


b. Pond Preparation and management Liming
As soon as the pond construction is completed and water control structures put in place, the ponds will then be limed using Agricultural Lime or Quicklime. Lime is usually broadcasted at the pond bottom at the rate of 450 kg. Per hectare and will be allowed to stay for about two weeks. Lime application in ponds is needed to neutralize the acid nature of the soil, promotes the growth of phytoplankton, destroys harmful bacteria, settles suspended soil particles in the water and promotes the formation of mineral elements needed for optimum growth and development of the farmed fish.

3.1. Fertilization

Fertilizer application in ponds accelerates the growth of phytoplankton and zooplankton which are known to be the natural food for farmed fish. Either organic fertilizer (Cow dung, Poultry waste, Pig waste etc) or inorganic fertilizer (NPK, Urea, Super phosphate etc) could be used to fertilize ponds. It is usually broadcasted or dissolved in water or tied in jute bags and suspended in water. The rate of application of fertilizer depends on the type of fertilizer. About 1000 kg of inorganic fertilizer is required in the proposed Fish Farm. Fertilization may not be necessary because concrete and fiberglass tanks will be used for fish production in the farm.

3.2 Stocking of fish
It is best to introduce fish into ponds very early in the morning or late evening especially when the sunshine intensity is very low. This is to avoid unnecessary stress which might cause high mortality of fish few days after stocking. The fish will be stocked at the rate 1035 fingerlings per square meter for catfish depending on the production system and 1050 fingerlings per square meter for Tilapia. It is better to lower the fingerlings container gently into the pond water so that the fish swim out by themselves.

3.3 Feeding
As earlier mentioned, fertilizer application in ponds promotes the growth of phytoplankton which constitute a primary source of natural fish food. This has to be supplemented with specially formulated and compounded fish feed to accelerate the growth of fish at their maximum potentials. To this end therefore, fish will be fed twice daily with artificial feed at the rate of 5% body weight. A feed mill unit comprising a hammer mill, mixer, dryer and pelletizer capable of producing 5 tons of feed per hour will be installed to produce the much needed fish feed required in the farm. The feed mill will also be used to produce extra fish feed for sale to other fish farmers within the locality.

3.4 Water quality management
Regular and frequent analysis of the pond water has to be carried out. Water quality parameters such as dissolved oxygen (DO), acidity (PH), carbon dioxide (CO2), iron (Fe), carbonates (C03), nitrates (N03), nitrite (N02), ammonia (NH3), sulphide (S02), Chloride (Cl2), temperature, alkalinity, total hardness, turbidity and conductivity have to be monitored properly to ensure that they are kept at optimum levels. To this end, a water test kit will be procured for measuring these water quality parameters regularly to ensure the growth and survival of farmed fish. Excessive feeding and fertilization must be avoided as they may pollute the water, which might kill the fish.

3.5. Sampling

For effective management, sampling of farmed fish to determine their growth performance in response to their feeding has to be carried out on regular basis e.g. monthly. When fish is sampled, the quantity of feed required by the fish will change and will correspond to the increase in weight gained for a period of sampling. Regular sampling ensures an uptodate knowledge of the growth rate of farmed fish. Scoop net, clap net, cast net or drag net could be used to sample fish in ponds.

 3.6. Harvesting

Harvesting is carried out when the farmed fish have grown to the desired size (table size). To harvest the fish, the pond water is reduced to a very low level so that fishermen/farm attendants could move through with a drag net to collect all the fish. Alternatively, the pond water should be drained completely so that all the fish would be collected.


Table 13 Projected Fish Farm Equipment
S/No
Items
Nos
S/N
Items
Nos
1
Plastic Bowls (30 Litres)
10
12
Water Testing Kits
1
2
Plastic Bowls (50 Litres
10
13
Secchi Disc
1
3
Weighing Balance (100kg)
1
14
Oxygen meter
1
4
Wheel Barrow (Standard)
3
15
PH meter
1
5
Scoop Net
4  
16
Thermometer (100°C)
4
6
Cast/Clap Net
4  
17
Dissecting Kits
2
7
Drag Net and Accessories
4
18
Mortar and Pestle (Ceramics)
1
9
Mosquito netting material
15 Bundles
19
Hypodermic Syringes
2 Pkts
10
Hand Towel
20
21
Microscope (Binocular)
1
11
Hand Glove
10
22
Microscope Slides
100pics
12
Air Pump/Blows
10
23
Feed Mill Unit
2


3.0. Conclusion

Although the Fish Farm Estate to be located in Ataba Town, Andoni, Rivers State is capital intensive, very high return on investment (ROI) of this project is expected. This signifies that the project is very much feasible, viable and profitable. More profit will be realizable in subsequent production cycles especially two production cycles could be achieved in Nigeria. Also the residential Estate, when fully developed, will yield high profit for investors and partners. Not just viable and profitable to investors, developers and partners, it will create employment for the locality and by extension to Nigeria, when other sites are fully developed. It will also serve as recreation and holiday resort where families and friends visit for relaxation. It will be a pleasure on earth location for the target market and its environment. When in full capacity, it will provide raw materials to manufacture ornaments and other useful products for manufacturing industries. Therefore, we urge investors, developers and partners to think deep and make good use of the opportunity provided herein


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Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.
For your Agribusiness, either production, processing, marketing of any Agro-industry, our feasibility studies or business plan are explicit. 


Generally, our feasibility study and business plans are developed so well that it becomes irresistible when you show them to your investors or sponsors. It gives you a clear picture of what you are expected to see when you put the feasibility study or business plans into use. It also shows how much it will cost you to own your desired business, what your money can afford. The kinds of product you will need to minimize input in other to maximize output, and how much returns you will get at the end of each accounting year until your business break-even on its initial investment capital. This will give the intending business person or investor or farmer, a vivid idea on the possible benefit he or she stands to gain, when he or she starts doing the business. With that, the intending business person or investor or farmer will not need a soothsayer to make decision for him or her.


You can use this format in developing your own business Plans and feasibility Study

OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;

  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS



  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX

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·         NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.

·        BUT, WE are permitted to display only executive summary.
·         This is just a sample of our executive summary on poultry feasibility study and business plan, carried out in Rivers State. 

·         1st sample;



These Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions in other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study. 



Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi. 



Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom, its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration. 



After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria, it was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.

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