How To Get High Quality Yield From Maize Farming Business/Business Plan

How To Get High Quality Yield From Maize Farming Business/Business Plan
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How To Get High Quality Yield From Maize Farming Business/Business Plans 


How To Get High Quality Yield From Maize Farming Business/Business Plan is written for free. As a matter of facts, it has been proven that Nigeria for example produces approximately 8 million metric tonnes of maize per year. Furthermore, Maize is one of the most versatile emerging crops having wider conditions. Globally, maize is known as queen of cereals because it has the highest genetic yield potential among the cereals.

How To Get High Quality Yield From Maize Farming Business/Business Plan


Likewise, It is cultivated on nearly 150m ha in about 160 countries having wider diversity of soil, climate, biodiversity and management practices that contributes 36% (782MT) in the global grain production.

Soils

Similarly, Maize can be grown successfully in variety of soils ranging from loam – sand to clay – loam. However, soils with good organic matter content having high water holding capacity with neutral PH are considered good for higher yield.

Fertilizer Management

Similarly, Maize hybrids are responsive to nutrients applied either through organic or inorganic sources. The rate of nutrient application depends mainly on soil nutrient status/balance and cropping system.

In like manner, Application of 120-150kg N(Indorama Urea 264-330kg/ha)@70-80kg P2O5, 70-80kg K2O and 25kg ZnSO4/ha is recommended. Full doses of P, K and Zn should be applied as basal preferably drilling of fertilizers in bands along the seed using seed –cum-fertilizer drills

Nitrogen (Indorama Urea) should be applied in splits for higher productivity and use efficiency.

Nitrogen application at grain filling results in better grain filling.

One or two sprays of 2% Indorama Urea and application of micronutrient mixture can be given in 3 to 5- week old crops to restore the vigor which may have received setback because of delayed weeding and inadequate drainage.

The fertilizers should be applied 10-12cm aways from the base of the plant to avoid plant injury. Soon after application, the fertilizer on the soil surface should be covered to minimize losses.

Volatilization losses in Indorama Granular Urea are almost half of Prilled Urea. Lesser quantity of Indorama Gradular Urea gives better yields than Prilled Urea due to saving in leaching and volatilization losses..

Seed Rate

About 20kg of seed would be needed to sow one hectare. Seed should be sown about 5cm deep to ensure good seedling growth and vigor. Furthermore, A clean, smooth, deeply ploughed but firm seedbed is ideal. It is desirable to sow the crop on ridges to avoid damage due to water-logging and to provide adequate moisture in the root zone.

Weed Control

Weed having broad leaves and most of the grasses can be conventionally controlled with a single pre-emergence application of Atrazine @ 1kg/ha. In addition, 2 inter- cultivations are needed to keep weeks under check.

Insect Pest Management

Control of Chilo ( Stem Borer) and Sesamia (Pink Borer): for control of Chilo and Sesamia, foliar spray of 0.1% Endosulfan ( 35EC) In 250 litres of water 10days after germination is very effective.

The Maize Stalk Borer, Chila partellus is a major pest, foliar application 0.1% Endosulfan (35EC) or 0.05% Lindane (20EC) should be applied in 10 -15 days old crop followed by second application of 4% Endosulfan granuless or 1% Lindane granules @ 15kg/ha in plant

Disease Management

The best way to avoid these diseases is to grow resistant varieties and undertake timely sowing. Turcicum and Maydis Leaf- blight can be controlled by 2 or 3 sprays of Zineb ( Dithane 2-78) @ 2.5kg/ha 1000 litres of water at intervals of 10-15days.

Harvesting

Harvesting is done when grain moisture reaches 20-25%. This can be noticed when the cobs-sheath (husk) dries up completely. After harvesting, cobs should be dried in sunlight for about a week. The cobs are then ready for shelling. Hand-sheller and powersheller, driven by current or tractor are available and they can be used for shelling. After shelling, the grain can be dried for 2 to 3 days, cleaned and graded. The seed treatment with Thiram @ 2g per kilo of seed can be done and stored safely when seed moisture is about 8 to 10%. Storing in air tight containers reduces and other storage pests and diseases.


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Furthermore on business Plans and feasibility Study

You can use this format in developing your own business Plans and feasibility Study
OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;
SECTION 1
(Business plan section)
  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS
 

SECTION 2

(Feasibility study section)
  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX
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  • NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.
  • BUT, WE are permitted to display only executive summary.
  • This is just a sample of our executive summary on poultry feasibility study and business plan, carried out in Rivers State.
  • 1stsample;

These Feasibility study on poultry farming business. (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions. In other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study.
Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi.

Furthermore on the Sample

Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom. Its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration.
After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria. It was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.

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