Turkey Farming/Business Plans

Turkey Farming/Business Plans
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Turkey Farming/Business Plans

Turkey farming and business Plans is a sure way to succeed in Turkey business. More especially the Commercial Turkey farming. As a matter of facts, Turkey farming is a profitable business Venture. Similarly, Turkey grows faster like broiler chickens. They become suitable for slaughter purpose within a very short period of time. Turkey farming for meat production is very popular than egg production from turkey. This is because there is high demand for the meat to eggs. Furthermore, some persons keep Turkey as pet in their homes. 
Turkey Farming/Business Plans


More on Turkey Farming 

As a matter of facts, of all fowls, Turkeys are the fastest growing and one of the most demanded ones in the market. There a lot of people who will choose turkey meat over any other kind of meat any time any day, especially people who no longer have the strength to grind and tear goat meat, cow meat, bush meat and so on. Turkey meat is a sumptuous option for many people who do not really want to leave the meat eating category. 

Asides from the meat, turkeys are also one of the most feathered birds and their feathers, fertilized eggs; even their droppings are all marketable. Frozen turkey tops the frozen foods list, and it’s readily available for purchase in frozen food stores all over the country but the availability is always undermined by the demand for it. Even though turkeys are easy to rear, they need watchful eyes as they are most times, not as strong as they look. 

Starting A Turkey Farming Business 

Staring a Turkey farming business is similar to other poultry birds farming like chickens, ducks, quails and so on. The techniques use in management practice for other poultry birds are applicable to Turkey farming. Likewise, Turkeys are also very social with humans. As a matter of facts, raising turkeys is really very fun and enjoyable. 

Furthermore, Turkey rearing can be technical, as when you starts from day old chick. The day olds are normally kept in a brooder house under normal room temperature for about 5 weeks. During this period, they grow and mature with enough space requirement. The birds are separated into different houses for optimum management. The females grow a little bit slower than the males and are kept in one house. The males that are fast growers are kept in another house. They may be there till their full maturity stage, which is usually 20 weeks. Thereafter, you can either sell for money or allowed to mate (production/breeding). This will lead you into prepare them for brooding again. 

Good Turkey Breeds 

Turkey has several good breeds available around the globe. Likewise, not all Turkey breeds are suitable enough for commercial meat production. Furthermore, you can raise only a few of those breeds in your farm for profitable meat production. For profitable meat production you have to use some modern turkey breeds that are raised for commercial production. Tom turkey is prefer to others. There are other good species like; Broad-breasted White, is such a modern turkey breed for commercial production. The meat produced by raising this breed on pasture is more tasty and flavorful than the meat produced from commercial farm. 

As a matter of facts, White Holland and Standard Bronze are other two popular meat producing turkey breed. Although, there are other breeds in the market like Bourbon Reds, Narragansetts, Royal Palm and so on. Commercial Turkey farming for meat production farmers can go for Tom Turkey, Broad-Breasted Whites, Standard Bronze and White, White Hollands and so on. 

Housing & Fencing 

Good housing with all types of essential facilities available is very necessary for commercial turkey production. In this regard, you have to make a permanent house like chicken house and ensure availability of all necessary facilities. For fencing, make the fence as high as possible. Turkeys are large in size and become very strong. So, the fencing also need to be strong enough to protect the birds. You can use electric poultry netting, woven wire fencing, metal T-posts or wooden posts. However, while making housing and fencing for turkeys, keep in mind the followings. 

Turkey Farming/Business Plans

Recommendation 


  • Protect them from predators and harmful animals
  • 75 feet * 75 feet space is suitable for accommodating for up to 12 birds. 
  • Never let the turkeys to graze in the pasture until they reach grazing age. 
  • Using wooden litter is very effective for turkey farming. 
  • Make sure sufficient flow of fresh air and light inside the house. 
  • Make proper ventilation system. 
  • Make the pen spacious enough for cleaning regularly. 
  • In case of fencing, make it as high as possible.Turkeys are far stronger and big than other birds. So, make the fencing with strong materials. 

Feeding & Watering 


  • Feeding is the most important aspect of Turkey farming. Carbohydrates and fats can increase the energy of fowl. They can get the correct amount of nutrients from a balanced ration of feeds. When the fowls are fed fat feeds, they can proportionally increase in size. Although their strength depends on the carbohydrate feed they consume. The larger the turkey is, the more the energy it will take to maintain the body and also to produce eggs. 
  • Turkeys generally eat a lot. It is preferable you raise the tom turkey as they are more likely to give you quick return for your money. They are very strong, disease-resistant, and in a space of 2 eight weeks, could grow larger than other specie variety. Also they fairly reflect whatever you feed them. A tom of up to eighteen pounds could require just forty two pounds of feed. 
  • Furthermore, water should be readily available as turkeys can be the highest water drinkers on the poultry farm. 
  • Turkey needs more protein in their food for the first few weeks than other domestic birds. The protein in poultry feed should be at least 28 percent. You can go with chick starter which contain about 28 percent of protein. Feed the turkey with chick starter for first six weeks. After that period, you can feed them with grower feed. Grower feed contains 20 percent protein. The amount of protein in turkey feed is higher than chickens or other poultry birds feed. 

Care & Management 


  • Always try to keep your birds in healthy environment and learn more about turkey farming and how to prevent health problems. 
  • Use a vaccination programme like that of broiler birds. 
  • Never feed your birds with contaminated feed and water. Always provide them clean and fresh water. 
  • Keep sufficient space inside the house. 
  • And lastly, take good care of your birds. 

Marketing 

Turkey meat are more in demand than other poultry birds because they are bigger in size. As a matter of facts, Eateries, household and food chicken firm prefer turkey to other. These has opened more market outlet to turkey than other poultry birds. 

Potential Benefits in Turkey Farming 


  • Starting a turkey farming business in Nigeria isn’t overly capital intensive as other animal husbandry businesses. 
  • The more the local production of turkey, the less the need to import. (As some still import frozen turkey into the country illegally). 
  • Turkeys are not the most difficult animals to rear; in fact, with the right facilities, they can be the easiest to manage. 
  • If instructions are followed properly, and adequate facilities provided, turkeys are the kind of animals that can give you maximum ROI. 
  • Turkeys don’t need much market persuasion and cajoling, as you can sell of as many as 30 mature turkeys in one day if you get your targets right. 
  • The ROI on turkey farming in Nigeria is really worth the time, effort and every other form of investments put in it. 

Risks Involved in Turkey Farming 


  • If the poultry is not well protected, your biggest threat would be snakes that’ll keep eating the eggs or killing the fowls. 
  • Soldier ants, bush rats, and other rodents can also be a threat to your turkey farming business. 
  • Unhygienic poultry could lead to infections and the delicate part is that diseases spread faster amidst turkeys than most other poultry animals. 
  • Improper feeding would make your turkeys less preferred to others from other farms, so you must be ready to spend on feeding. 

Mini Feasibility Study on Turkey Farming 

Turkey farming isn’t the most expensive business to start-up. One can start a Turkey farm with just 5 turkeys (3 females and 2 males) N15, 000 X 5 = N75, 000. Poultry construction, feeds purchase, poultry periodic treatment, water supply, all approximated to N150, 000. At the end of one farming year, you should have nothing less than 50 turkeys in your poultry farm, which if sold for N15, 000 each when mature, equals a potential N750, 000. 

Summary on Turkey farming 

In summary, Turkey farming is one of the lucrative farming business you have around. Turkey eggs takes 28 days in the incubator before they are hatched. Thereafter, the turkeys take some weeks on the farm before reaching maturity. There is need to know that vaccination is very important for turkey farming at least twice from 0-10 weeks against histomoniasis also known as blackhead. 

Knowledge: If you need first-hand practical turkey farming experience, you could attach to a nearby poultry farm. You could also read relevant materials like this one, make in-depth research and start-up your business. The former option is better if you have access to a poultry farm 

Do you know you can actually save yourself off this stress? 

Engage CHRIS FARM NIGERIA to give you a professional business plans and a feasibility that will suit you demand today.


Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.

For your Agribusiness, either production, processing, marketing of any Agro-industry, our feasibility studies or business plan are explicit.

Generally, our feasibility study and business plans are developed so well that it becomes irresistible when you show them to your investors or sponsors. It gives you a clear picture of what you are expected to see when you put the feasibility study or business plans into use. It also shows how much it will cost you to own your desired business, what your money can afford. The kinds of product you will need to minimize input in other to maximize output, and how much returns you will get at the end of each accounting year until your business break-even on its initial investment capital. This will give the intending business person or investor or farmer, a vivid idea on the possible benefit he or she stands to gain, when he or she starts doing the business. With that, the intending business person or investor or farmer will not need a soothsayer to make decision for him or her.


You can use this format in developing your own business Plans and feasibility Study 

OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;

  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS



  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX

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·         NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.

·        BUT, WE are permitted to display only executive summary.
·         This is just a sample of our executive summary on poultry feasibility study and business plan, carried out in Rivers State. 

·         1st sample;

These Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions in other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study. 

Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi. 

Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom, its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration. 

After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria, it was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.

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