How Mushrooms Grows | Mushroom Farming Business | Business Plans in Nigeria

How Mushrooms Grows | Mushroom Farming Business | Business Plans in Nigeria
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-tgtE_3QfVQ4/Wepu8atAJpI/AAAAAAAABoY/Kpqs-Z6wK8YqgPoKGWbyhkQE3GkUuik1QCLcBGAs/s72-c/dewsrt.jpg

How Mushrooms Grows | mushroom farming business | business plans

How Mushrooms Grows | mushroom farming business | business plans
Agricultural farming generally is a money spinner. It will surprise you the high demand for mushroom in your locality when you do a random sampling. The interesting part of it is that it is not even expensive to operate. A mushroom farming business can be a mean of big profit in just a few weeks with considerably low startup capital investment to start a business. A person who has a little bit of idea in the science & technology of mushroom growing will make millions out it. Nowadays, farmers even dry mushroom, package them and market them abroad in other to make more money. People who have a house/building, is just enough to kick start the business. The cultivation of mushroom is an art and requires both study and experience.

HOW MUSHROOMS GROW

Generally speaking, Mushrooms grow from spores -- not seeds -- that are so tiny you can't see individual spores with the naked eye.
Furthermore, these spores don't contain chlorophyll to begin germinating (as seeds do), they rely on substances such as sawdust, grain, wooden plugs, straw, wood chips, or liquid for nourishment. A blend of the spores and these nutrients is called spawn. Spawn performs a bit like the starter needed to make sourdough bread.

Similarly, the spawn supports the growth of mushrooms' tiny, white, threadlike roots, called mycelium. The mycelium grows first, before anything that resembles a mushroom pushes through the growing medium.

Likewise, the spawn itself could grow mushrooms, but you'll get a lot better mushroom harvest when the spawn is applied to a substrate, or growing medium. Depending on the mushroom type, the substrate might be straw, cardboard, logs, wood chips, or compost with a blend of materials such as straw, corncobs, cotton and cocoa seed hulls, gypsum, and nitrogen supplements.


PLACES TO GROW MUSHROOMS

As a matter of facts, mushrooms prefer dark, cool, moist, and humid growing environments. In a house, a basement is often ideal, but a spot under the sink may be all you need.
Test the proposed location by checking the temperature. Most mushrooms grow best in temperatures between 55 and 60 degrees F, away from drying, direct heat and drafts. Enoki mushrooms prefer cooler temperatures, about 45 degrees F. Many basements are too warm in the summer to grow mushrooms, so you might want to consider growing mushrooms as a winter project.

Mushrooms can tolerate some light, but the spot you choose should stay relatively dark or in low light.

Some mushroom types grow outdoors in prepared ground or logs, a process that takes much longer (six months to three years) than in controlled environments inside.

Types of Mushrooms to Grow

Furthermore, there are many kinds of mushrooms. One of the beauties of growing your own instead of wild-harvesting them is that you can be sure you're not picking a poisonous mushroom. Below are mushrooms that are mostly grown at home:

  • Crimini
  • Enoki
  • Maitake
  • Portobello
  • Oyster
  • Shiitake
  • White button
Each type has specific growing needs. For example, white button mushrooms need to be grown on composted manure, shiitakes on wood or hardwood sawdust, and oyster mushrooms on straw.

STEPS IN GROWING MUSHROOMS

In like manner, if you are growing mushrooms in your home, there are a couple of options for materials that you can use to assist in planting.

  • Firstly, you can buy mushroom kits already packed with a growing medium that's inoculated with mushroom spawn. Buying a kit is a good way to begin your knowledge of mushroom growing. If you start without a kit, the type of mushroom you choose to grow determines the substrate you grow the mushrooms on. It is important to research each mushroom's needs.
  • Secondly, Button mushrooms are among the easiest types to grow. Follow Kansas State University's directions for growing button mushrooms. Use 14x16-inch trays about 6 inches deep that resemble seed flats. Fill the trays with the mushroom compost material and inoculate with spawn.
  • Thirdly, Use a heating pad to raise the soil temperature to around 70 degrees F for about three weeks or until you see the mycelium -- the tiny, threadlike roots. At this point, drop the temperature to 55 to 60 degrees F. Cover the spawn with an inch or so of potting soil.
  • Fourthly, keep the soil moist by spritzing it with water and covering it with a damp cloth, making sure that you keep spritzing the cloth as it dries.
  • Finally, Button mushrooms should appear within three to four weeks. Harvest them when the caps open and the stalk can be cut with a sharp knife from the stem. Avoid pulling up the mushrooms, or you risk damage to surrounding fungi that are still developing. Harvesting every day should result in a continuous crop for about six months.

MUSHROOM FARMING EXPERTISE

Similarly, an individual who has worked before on a mushroom farm can start his own mushroom farming business. Otherwise, it is always better to have a technical training on mushroom farming to gain expertise. You can contact ICAR- Directorate of Mushroom research for specific training for mushroom farming at their website www.nrcmushroom.org

MUSHROOM FARMING BUSINESS PLAN

Furthermore, starting a small business like mushroom farming requires some specific business plan. Work out a detailed budget; write out a clear strategy and objectives of your business, what will be the variety you want to grow and what will be your target market like domestic or export.


CHOOSE VARIETY FOR MUSHROOM FARMING

As a matter of facts, Different types of mushroom have different production cost and it is important to decide on a budget depending on the amount of money available and the long term investment benefit. A good variety to start mushroom farming with is the Oyster mushroom. Other profitable and easy to grow varieties are Shiitake, Lions Mane, White Button and Portobello.


ENVIRONMENT FOR MUSHROOM FARMING

In a word, mushroom farming business considers the environment of mushroom production. Different varieties require a different kind of environment. For example, the oyster mushroom has some basic environment requirement like temperature of 15 to 20°c, humidity of 80 to 90%, good ventilation, light and sanitation.


GET SPAWN FOR MUSHROOM FARMING

In fact, you will need to have spawns to start the culture. You can produce your own spawn by using a sterile culture or you can by ready-to-inoculate spawns form the suppliers. Producing spawns can be cheaper in the long run, because the startup cost will be high in this case.


PREPARE SUBSTRATE FOR MUSHROOM FARMING

Likewise, mushroom can be cultivated on a large number of agro-waste having cellulose and lignin that helps in more enzyme production of cellulose that is correlated with more yield. You can use straw of paddy, wheat and ragi, stalk and leaves of maize millets and cotton, sugarcane bagasse, saw dust, jute and cotton waste, dried grasses, used tea leaf waste, etc. you can also use some industrial waste like paper mill sludge, coffee byproducts, tobacco waste etc. Some of the popular method of substrate preparation is steam pasteurization, hot water treatment, fermentation of composting and chemical sterilization.
Some of the popular method of substrate preparation is steam pasteurization, hot water treatment, fermentation of composting and chemical sterilization.

PACK THE BAGS/ BOXES/ TRAYS FOR MUSHROOM FARMING

The bag making process normally involves composting the substrate, filling the bags with composted material, spawning and then incubation till maturity stage.


INCUBATION FOR MUSHROOM FARMING

Firstly, Arrange the spawned bags/ boxes/ trays in a dark cropping room on raised platform concentrate to stop any threats any natural light getting into the room. Keep the growing area at specific temperature that depends on the variety.


FRUITING IN MUSHROOM FARMING

Comparatively, while various species require different temperature regimes all require high humidity 70-80% during fruiting. Frequent spraying of water is necessary in the cropping room depending upon the environmental humidity.

PROTECTION MEASURES FOR MUSHROOM FARMING

More importantly, mushroom are suspected to be attacks by flies, spring tails and mites. The crop is prone to fungal disease and also can have the diseases of yellow blotch, brown spot etc. you will need to have some specific control measure according to the attacks.

MUSHROOM FARMING HARVESTING & STORAGE

The right shape for harvesting can be judged by the shape and size of the fruit body. The mushroom should be harvested before spore releases. It is advisable to pick the mushrooms at one time from a cube.
There are two types of storage involves in mushroom processing- long term and short term. Freshly harvested mushroom can be stored at low temperature (0-5°c) for maximum two weeks. Dried mushroom with 2-4% moisture, can be stored for 3-4 months in sealed pouches without any change in taste.

MUSHROOM FARMING MARKETING

High quality commercial cultivation of mushroom is a very profitable proposition as it is in good demand both in domestic and foreign market. You can go for local market penetration by making available your product to the retailer and vegetable shop. Also you can go for an export option. The export market for India is mainly the USA, with some quantities going to UAE, Russia, Germany, Switzerland, UK and other countries. To get updated with latest trend about mushroom farming business you can join the association like www.mushroomsociety.in

Do you know you can actually save yourself off this stress? 

Engage CHRIS FARM NIGERIA to give you a professional business plans and a feasibility that will suit you demand today.


Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.

For your Agribusiness, either production, processing, marketing of any Agro-industry, our feasibility studies or business plan are explicit.

Generally, our feasibility study and business plans are developed so well that it becomes irresistible when you show them to your investors or sponsors. It gives you a clear picture of what you are expected to see when you put the feasibility study or business plans into use. It also shows how much it will cost you to own your desired business, what your money can afford. The kinds of product you will need to minimize input in other to maximize output, and how much returns you will get at the end of each accounting year until your business break-even on its initial investment capital. This will give the intending business person or investor or farmer, a vivid idea on the possible benefit he or she stands to gain, when he or she starts doing the business. With that, the intending business person or investor or farmer will not need a soothsayer to make decision for him or her.


You can use this format in developing your own business Plans and feasibility Study 

OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;

  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS



  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX

   Click other related clicks that may interest you below;

 

Acceptable feasibility study and business plan for bank loans

Feasibility study on piggery farming business Agbarho community, delta state 

A PREPARED FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR CATFISH FARM IN NIGERIA 

“How to own, manage, and make millions from catfish farmingbusiness” BEST SELLER  

HOW TO OWN A MEGA FISH FARM BUSINESS IN NIGERIA

FLOATING FISH FEED PELLET MACHINE

TIPS ON BROILERS PRODUCTION AND ACTUAL VACCINATION –PROGRAMME AND TREATMENT

TIPS IN POULTRY MANAGEMENT

Sales of battery cage system in Nigeria

CASSAVA PROCESSING MACHINE

GRASS CUTTER/ CANE RAT PRODUCTION, BEST SELLER

How to handle and manage Snail farming

Rabbit Management

MANAGEMENT OF RABBITS, BEST SELLER



·         NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.

·        BUT, WE are permitted to display only executive summary.
·         This is just a sample of our executive summary on poultry feasibility study and business plan, carried out in Rivers State. 

·         1st sample;

These Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions in other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study. 

Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi. 

Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom, its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration. 

After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria, it was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.

HOW TO PLACE AN ORDER NOW?

Payment Methods 


  • Bank Deposit 
  • Electronic Fund Transfer or western money transfer 
  • ATM cash Transfer 
This payment method requires the customer to deposit, Electronic
Fund Transfer or ATM cash Transfer directly from his/her account into any of CHRIS FARM NIGERIA bank accounts.

If it is an E-Book, project materials, written project or written feasibility study, it will be sent to your immediately as soon as your transaction reflects in our account.

Please note; it will take ten working days to write (or prepare) a feasibility study or a project on your request.
Our bank details are on the website page, Just click on payment to get them

After placing your order, SMS your payment information (Manual title,
Name on teller, payment teller number, and your e-mail address)
E.g. catfish, Kelechi Bisi Amina,531796,allpurpose@yahoo.com
To +2348036925718 or +2348051270981 once I confirm your payment.
The material will be sent to your immediately! By e-mail Trust us 100% to do that.

Advantages of sending your request via email your e-book (electronic book) is downloadable from your e-mail box which allows you to read and print out this book

• Zero shipping costs.
• No wasting time, forget having to wait weeks for postal delivery.
• No risk of products lost in the mail or damaged

Thinking that we might live you after your purchase? Definitely no!
With the CBN policy in Nigeria via bank verification number (BVN), is almost impossible to steal your money from bank transfer or bank payment.

We assure you of maximum support when you need us. Please, do not hesitate to ask us for the way forward.  

Get in touch with us today on our phone numbers or send us an email. We await your response……………………….

WRITTEN AND COMPILED BY CHRIS FARM NIGERIA

WEBSITE: www.chrisfarmnigeria.com
EMAIL: chrisfarmnigeria@gmail.com
PHONE: +234(803)-692-5718 or +234(805)-127-0981
LIKE US ON FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/chrisfarmnigeria 
FOLLOW US ON TWITTER: www.twitter.com/chrisfarm9ja

• A big thank you for your patronage in advance

Your Success, Is Our Optimum Desire

AT Chris farm Nigeria, We Deliver the Best Services…
  
Other services we render are displayed on our advert below;

 ADVERTISEMENT

  • We provide feasibility study/business plan for new and existing businesses
  • We help you to recruit staff for your company, firm or organizations
  • We help you in registering your company, firm or organizations
  • Suppliers of any food stuffs
  • Building contractor (especially building houses, constructions of ponds)
  • Provides Architect for any design
  • Help you in getting loans
  • Sales of fingerlings, table size catfish, chicks, Grass-cutters, rabbits, snails, and many more
  • Farm design
  • Feed formulation for general livestock, including
  • Floating/Sinking Fish feed
  • Soybean oil processing, Teachings on how to test soybean cake,
  • Teaching on how to remove the gummy and unpleasant smell of soybean oil
  • Palm Oil/Palm nut cracking
  • Fish Farming (Pond Construction and Fingerlings distribution)
  • Poultry farm (plus marketing ideas)
  • Rabbit farming
  • Snail Farming
  • Grass-cutter/cane rat Farming
  • Commercial Crop Farming
  • Handwork/Workshop Plan
  • Pure Water Business
  • Nylon production
  • Professional Website design (cooperate and personal)
  • Bulk SMS (plus re-seller website)
  • Business Software Design
  • Logo design plus company slogan
  • Printing Press (Graphic design, lithography, banners, poster, handbills etc)
  • Sales of battery cage for livestock farming all over Nigeria
  • E-books on; Broilers farming, Layers farming, Grass-cutter farming, Rabbit farming, Pig farming, Catfish farming, and many more……
  • How to own, manage, and make millions from catfish production (Most demanded)
  • Projecting writing, Sales of written projects, and many more…………

Related product you might see:

Share this product :

Popular Agricultural Articles from CHRIS FARM NIGERIA

 
Copyright (c) 2012-2014 | All Rights Reserved Chris Farm Nigeria | Our Products | About Us | Contact Us Privacy Policy
Designed by : Martins Library Team