Business plans | Starting a Poultry Farming Business | livestock feasibility

Business plans | Starting a Poultry Farming Business | livestock feasibility
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Business plans |Starting a Poultry Farming Business | livestock feasibility

Business plans |Starting a Poultry Farming Business | livestock feasibilityAre you looking for a lucrative agro business venture to go into? Poultry business is a money spinner. You can make money every two and half months if you want to go into chicken meat production or start making money every day by selling poultry eggs via engaging the point of lay principle. Poultry farming business can be done from both your backyard as well as medium or largely integrated contract farming business. Poultry farming worldwide has transformed into a techno-commercial industry from the status of backyard farming since three decades. In agriculture and farming business globally, Poultry farming is the fastest growing sector. The annual growth rate is 8-10% in egg and 12-15% in the broiler industry.

As a matter of facts, the increasing population and worldwide demand for food protein at present, has prompted people in realize the potential of providing food protein as a basic need. Many countries have adopted poultry farming business as a micro, small or medium enterprise with women empowerment as a model for rural economic sustainability. Poultry farming generally includes the activity of raising various types of domestic birds commercially for the purpose of meat, eggs and feather production. The most commonly and widely raised poultry birds are chicken.

Likewise, the chickens that are raised for eggs are called layer chicken, while the chickens that are raised for their meat production are called broiler chickens. Countries like UK and USA consume more meat and eggs of chicken than any other countries of the world. Among the livestock ventures, commercial poultry farming requires only less capital investment and it is same time has in added ensuring quick returns.

BENEFITS OF COMMERCIAL POULTRY FARMING

  • Poultry farming business does not require much capital to start up when compare with other production line. This mostly depend on your desired production capacity. 
  • Poultry farming does not require huge space, you can also raise birds in your own backyard with one or numerous coops or cages.
  • ROI of commercial poultry farming is very high. Within very short period profit can be generated.
  • Almost all types of poultry birds are domestic. You will not need to obtain any major licenses.
  • Broilers intake of feed is comparatively very low while it produces the maximum possible amount of food.
  • Marketing is very simple. Apart from fresh chicken, you can also establish chicken processing unit.
  • Poultry farming is a continuous source of income. It is not seasonal and can produce income for the entire year. While chickens lay eggs between 6 to 8 months, broilers take only 6 to 10 weeks to bring in income.
  • Poultry droppings are rich in nitrogen and organic material and hence, are considered valuable as fertilizers.
  • Almost all banks and financial institution approves the loan for commercial poultry farming project.


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DIFFERENT METHODS OF POULTRY FARMING


Moreover, World watch Institute described that “about 74% of total poultry meat and 68% of total poultry eggs produced from intensive poultry farming method”. Intensive poultry farming method is a highly efficient system which saves land, feed, labor and other resources and increases production. In this system, the poultry farming environment is fully controlled by the farmer. So, it ensures continuous production throughout the year in any environment and seasons. Here we put some methods of profitable commercial Layer Poultry Farming and Broiler Poultry Farming.



DEEP LITTER POULTRY FARMING

Usually In the deep litter system, the pellets are placed on a bare floor that has been covered with sawdust. Careful consideration is given to the method applied in feeding the birds. Removing the dropping usually poses no problem. You can either pack off the entire sawdust with the dropping or cover the dropping with fresh saw dust. Normally, the day-old chicks are housed using the brooder method before they grow up. They can be transferred to the battery cage when they approach their egg-laying period or left in the deep litter floor.


BATTERY CAGE POULTRY FARMING

As a matter of fact, the battery cage housing allows for the droppings to fall on a separate platform directly under the cage. It is uniquely constructed to make feeding and drinking quite easy for the birds. The birds feed on a marsh, which has been properly compounded. The marsh should be given according to an expert’s advice. Similarly, inappropriate feeding can lead to excess fat, which can result in mortality. Furthermore, defective feeding can lead to low egg production. General speaking, it has been experienced in the past where a whole stock of birds produced no egg, due to wrong feeding.

POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS PLAN

Furthermore, developing an effective business plan is the most important part of your operation in poultry farming. Poultry industry generally is a broad niche, and it has many sub-sectors like egg production, meat production, and hatchery.

Likewise, you will need to choose your area of specialization according to the capital investment and technical know-how. The basic consideration should be financial viability and technical feasibility. You will need to have a detailed project report. How much area of land is required for the setup? What would be the investment in the fixed capital? What kind of birds are you going to choose? What equipment is required? How are you going to market the products?



SKILLS FOR POULTRY FARMING

Generally speaking, Technologies training including theoretical and practical. Both of them are essential for poultry farming business, especially when you are directly dealing with livestock. You need to be very careful about the feed, disease, and entire farm environment. Getting properly trained, before starting poultry farming business is highly advised. Going into poultry farming without a practical knowledge of the venture is a direct invitation to failure. It is very important for the would-be entrepreneur to know how to keep and maintain the chicken or birds in an acceptable manner.

COMPLIANCE FOR POULTRY FARMING

You are hereby advised to comply with Government regulations before you startup this business in a large scale, if your location is in urban area. You have to make sure that the operations of your farm and the treatment of your chickens comply with regulations. Check your local government agencies regulating laws and regulations for poultry farms.


POULTRY FARMING CARE & MANAGEMENT


  1. You should be a qualified personnel with a wealth of experience in poultry management in other reduce risk of mortality. The management of the farm must be able to plan ahead of its activities and be able to compare actual performance with the drawn plan in order to apply control measures whenever a deviation from the original plan is observed.
  2. It must not be an armchair management that cares less about what may be happening to the birds at any given time. The management should be sensitive to the conditions on the farm and be in firm control of all situations.
  3. Always take good care of your birds. Learn more about various types of poultry diseases, symptoms, and treatment. Vaccinate the birds timely. Provide them nutritious feed and clean water. Clean their house on a regular basis.
  4. One of the critical factors that account for the success or failure of poultry farming is the way the health of the birds is handled. To ensure continuous production of chicken and eggs, your chickens should be regularly checked by veterinaries to ensure their health.
  5. If the source of the day-old chicks or the foundation stick is compromised, or the necessary drugs are not properly administrated, poultry farming can turn into a nightmare.

Poultry Farming Insurance

There are many external and internal issues like extreme weather and disease that could lead to significant poultry losses. So it is important to protect the investment you have made in your poultry operation with the right insurance solution.

Poultry Farming Market Opportunities


  • The market for poultry products is quite enormous. You should be able to identify both the immediate and potential markets for the products before starting the business otherwise the management might not be able to sell the products at the appropriate time.
  • You need to find the ways to reach your customers and this would be done by employing the suitable marketing techniques. Before you start the business, you should really consider the marketing strategy that you would use to break into the market.

POULTRY FARMING ROI

A prudent poultry farmer must keep a close watch over the cost of running the farm. You must avoid unnecessary spending, which tends to eat away his profit. The labor feeds, drugs and other input costs must be in line with standard farm requirements, otherwise such expenses should be ignored. All forms of wasteful spending must be eliminated, no matter how insignificant the amount may seem to the management.

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Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.

For your Agribusiness, either production, processing, marketing of any Agro-industry, our feasibility studies or business plan are explicit.

Generally, our feasibility study and business plans are developed so well that it becomes irresistible when you show them to your investors or sponsors. It gives you a clear picture of what you are expected to see when you put the feasibility study or business plans into use. It also shows how much it will cost you to own your desired business, what your money can afford. The kinds of product you will need to minimize input in other to maximize output, and how much returns you will get at the end of each accounting year until your business break-even on its initial investment capital. This will give the intending business person or investor or farmer, a vivid idea on the possible benefit he or she stands to gain, when he or she starts doing the business. With that, the intending business person or investor or farmer will not need a soothsayer to make decision for him or her.


You can use this format in developing your own business Plans and feasibility Study 

OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;

  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS



  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX

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·         NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.

·        BUT, WE are permitted to display only executive summary.
·         This is just a sample of our executive summary on poultry feasibility study and business plan, carried out in Rivers State. 

·         1st sample;

These Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions in other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study. 

Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi. 

Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom, its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration. 

After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria, it was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.

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