General Fishing and Catfish Farming in Nigeria

General Fishing and Catfish Farming in Nigeria
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General Fishing and Catfish Farming in Nigeria

Fish research is a branch of zoology known as ichthyology. Scientists who specifically study fish are called ichthyologists.

GROUPS OF FISH

There are three distinct groups of fish that ichthyologists study: bony fish, cartilaginous fish, and jawless fish. Ichthyology has a long history that began with simple observations and descriptions of fish over 200 years. The first known recorded observations of fish were documented by Pierre Belon in the 1500’s. In the early 1700’s, Peter Artedi’s, who some consider to be the Father of Ichthyology, had his work chthyologia” posthumously published by Karl Linnaeus. At that time, Artedi recognized 230 species of fish. Today, we recognize approximately 31,900 species. There are approximately 31,900 species of known fish according to FishBase, a website that provides data about all

known fish. Fish Base is run by a consortium that is made up of an international group of organizations, universities, and museums from countries around the world: Greece, China, Canada, Italy, Germany, France, Belgium, Sweden, and Malaysia. Additional ichthyologic research is conducted through various universities and institutions around the world that continue to add to the body of knowledge about fish. This knowledge plays an important role in the future of one of the largest ecosystems in the world: the ocean.


Fish is a significant source of protein for millions of people in the world. Human population growth has placed a significant demand on fish as a food source. It is estimated that approximately 25 percent of all protein consumed by people comes from fish. For some developing nations fish provides a large percentage of protein for its own people as well as a source of income as an export product. Fish research has become an increasingly important study as fish populations decline throughout the world. The decline of fish has an immense impact on ocean ecosystems as well as a significant impact on one of the primary food sources for people around the world. Over fishing in the past 50 years has significantly reduced fish populations across a large number of species. Research in ichthyology helps policy makers determine what course of action to take in order to maintain fish populations throughout the world. National and international policies are determined based on the data provided by fish research.




Do you need a business plan to raise fund for your business?

We can carry out research and develop MBA grade business plan that you can present to a bank or any investor

Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.
For your Agribusiness, either production, processing, marketing of any Agro-industry, our feasibility studies or business plan are explicit.
Generally, our feasibility study and business plans are developed so well that it becomes irresistible when you show them to your investors or sponsors. It gives you a clear picture of what you are expected to see when you put the feasibility study or business plans into use. It also shows how much it will cost you to own your desired business, what your money can afford. The kinds of product you will need to minimize input in other to maximize output, and how much returns you will get at the end of each accounting year until your business break-even on its initial investment capital. This will give the intending business person or investor or farmer, a vivid idea on the possible benefit he or she stands to gain, when he or she starts doing the business. With that, the intending business person or investor or farmer will not need a soothsayer to make decision for him or her.


OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;



SECTION 1(Business plan section)

  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS

SECTION 2(Feasibility study section)


  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX


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NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.

BUT, WE are permitted to display executive summary,

And these are some executive summary of some feasibility study carried out. 

1st sample;

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Feasibility study on catfish farming business, using two plot of land of 100ft by 100ft, in Agbarho, Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State, as a case study.
                Agbarho traditional rulership has been by the 'Osuivie' who rules with an advisory body comprising traditional chiefs from whom the chronologically foremost in the chieftaincy institution succeeds the Osuivie. There is also an administrative body known as Agbarho Urhobo Improvement Union (AUIU) which has the responsibility of development and policy making.
Farming business is a lucrative business and also an important sector of the economy that can provide significant, economic, and social impact which will affect the general public positively, both in food provision, skill acquisition, employment opportunities and many more…..
After carrying out the feasibility study on Agbarho community, it was discovered that farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.
For catfish farming business, there is good market for them since there are big markets in Ughelli sourth ,agbarho, effurun, warri areas, nearby towns with many dispatch outlets like; hotels, spotlights, bars, bakeries, event planners, families all around.
Investing twenty one million, forty two thousand, one hundred and thirty five naira (N21, 042,135(÷ 160) →$132,000) on catfish farming business on 2plots of land is a very lucrative one. Using profitability index to determine how lucrative the business is, we got a viable result of 1.21% returns on business in the fifth year. That tells us that, after the fifth year, the business will break-even and your profit projection will emerge. (That means; the business as been able to pay back its initial investment and still have enough money to run its affairs successfully without any help from any source).
                2nd sample;
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
                Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layer production), using one plot of land of 100ft by 50ft, in ubgawka community, Enugu State as a case study.
                 Ugbawka is among the towns that nature has caused to be located in the central southern part of Nkanuland of Enugu State, Nigeria. It is bordered on the north by Agbani and Akpugo, and on the south by Nomeh, Nara and Mburubu. It is also bordered on the east by Ihuokpara, and on the west by Amurri, Ogbaku and Nenwe (the last two towns are in Awgu and Aninri Local Government Areas of Enugu State, respectively).
Farming business is a lucrative business and also an important sector of the economy that can provide significant, economic, and social impact which will affect the general public positively, both in food provision, skill acquisition, employment opportunities and many more…..
After carrying out the feasibility study on Ugbwaka community, it was discovered that farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.
                For poultry farming business (layer production), there are large market network in Ugbwaka areas, Agbani, Enugu town and nearby towns with many dispatch outlets like; hotels, spotlights, bars, bakeries, event planners, families all around.  
                Investing two million, four hundred and one thousand, eight hundred and forty Naira only {N2, 401,840} on poultry business on one plot of land is a very lucrative one. Using profitability index to determine how lucrative the business is, we got a viable result of 1.48% returns on business in the two year. That tells us that, after two years’ time, the businesses will break-even and your profit projection will emerge. (That means; the business has been able to pay back its initial investment and still have enough money to run its affairs successfully without any help from any source).
                                                                                                                  
  Please Note; Each specification is design according to what our client desires or wants at a time and it varies according to locations, designs and share capital.

Are you interested in fish management?
Are you interested in spawning (fish hatching)?
Do you want to handle your fish farm business yourself?
Do you want to run a fish farm business?
Are you having issues with your fish farm?
Do you want to make millions from your fish farm business?
Then, you need this book;
“How to own, manage, and make millions from catfish farming business”  

  


http://www.chrisfarmnigeria.com


 CONTENT                                                              

·                       Title Page

·                       Table of Content

·                       Dedication

·                       Acknowledgement

·                       Preface
Chapter One: Introduction
    Catfish
   1.2       Why is catfish different from other fishes?
  1.3       Fish classification
  1.4       Habitat
  1.5       Morphology
Chapter Two:
2.0      Giant Catfish of the World 
2.1       Scientific classification
2.2       SPECIES CHARACTERISTICS
Chapter Three:
3.0       Catfish Family
3.1       Larval production
3.2       The culture system  
3.3       Feed and Feeding
3.4       Hybridization of catfish
3.5       Culture system modification
3.6       Prospect and problems of cultured fish  
Chapter Four:
4.0       How to own a Mega fish farm Business
Chapter Five:
5.0       Pond
5.1       standard features of a fish pond
5.2       Types of pond
5.3       Earthen (Natural) Pond
5.4       Concrete Pond
5.5       Tarpaulin/Plastic/ Mobile Pond
5.6       Step in fish Pond establishment
5.7       Important of liming
5.8       Fertilizing a pond
5.9       Fish Pond management
Chapter Six:
6.0         Fish Stocking
6.1 Stocking of fish can take the form of mono/poly-culture
Chapter Seven:
7.0       channel catfish
7.1       Species of channel catfish
6.2       Life cycle of channel catfish
Chapter Eight:
8.0       The Electric Catfish
8.1       Feeding in electric catfish
8.2       Firing in electric fish
8.3       Importance tips in managing electric catfish
Chapter Nine:
9.0       African Giant catfish
9.1       Habits of African catfish in the wide
9.2       Natural spawning in the wide
9.3       Rearing of African giant catfish
Chapter Ten:
10.0     Spawning
10.1     Hatching techniques in catfish
10.2     materials needed for (hatching) spawning
10.3     Prerequisite for (Hatching) spawning in catfish
10.4     Steps in (hatching) spawning
10.5     Some reasons why spawning (Hatching) falls
10.6     Characteristics of catfish stages
10.7     Transportation of catfish
Chapter Eleven:
11.0     Fish Management
11.1     How to identify oxygen Depletion in ponds
11.2     Questions most people ask about catfish management           
Chapter Twelve:
12.0     Fish parasite and Diseases 
12.1     Fish Disease
12.2     Causes of Diseases
12.3     Types of Disease
Chapter Three:
13.0     Fish preservation
13.1     Method of fish preservation
13.2     Fish salting
13.3     Drying and Dehydration
13.4     Fish smoking
13.5     How to smoke fish
Chapter Fourteen:
14.0     How to make millions from catfish production
14.1     Advertising
14.2     Marketing
14.3     Marketing strategy
14.4     How to sustain millions in catfish business
List of figures
Fig.1.1 Labeled diagram of a typical tilapia fish
Fig 1.2 labeled diagram of a typical catfish
Fig 1.3 Labeled diagram of a typical external anatomy of a tilapia fish
Fig 1.4 Labeled diagram of a typical external anatomy of a carpio cyprisnus
Fig 1.5 Labeled diagram of a typical internal anatomy of a tilapia fish
Fig 1.6 Typical example of catfish
Fig 8.1 Diagram of electric catfish organs
Fig 9.1 claries gariepinus sample
Fig 9.2 Heterobranchus Bidorsal Sample
Fig 10.1 Diagram on how to inject the catfish
Fig 10.2 Diagram on how to extract the milt (sperm) from catfish
Fig 10/3 Diagram on how to strip off eggs from catfish and to fertilize them
List of tables
Table 2.1 scientific classification of catfish
Table 3.1 catfish families
Table 5.1 table showing water retention in soil
Table 8.1 scientific classification of electric catfish
Table 9.1 African Giant catfish
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