Wildlife Conversations (Get Researches, Feasibility Reports, Business Plans For Loans and Grants)

Wildlife Conversations (Get Researches, Feasibility Reports, Business Plans For Loans and Grants)
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Wildlife is one of the agricultural resources. Wildlife is a term that refers to animals and plants that are not normally domesticated by man but essential for his survival.


They are living things that will die and be replaced by others of their kind. International Hunter Education Association (IHEA) broadly described wildlife to include all plants and other microbes that grow or live in a wildlife environment without being introduced by humans. Osinem described wildlife as one of the ecological capitals comprising every form of life, from the tiniest microbes to the mightiest beast and the ecosystem of which they are part. But for the purpose of the present work, wildlife is limited to animals. Wildlife is a diverse agricultural resource existing in various forms, such as mammals, reptiles, birds, aquatics and arachnids. Wildlife depends on the vegetation for its existence. Osinem and Mama pointed out that it is estimated that half the world’s species live in the tropical forest. Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems; deserts, forests, rain forests, plain grasslands and other areas including the most developed urban sites, all have distinct forms of wildlife. The type of plant formation and its stage in ecological succession determine the species and number of animals which can occupy a habitat. Wildlife is one of the agricultural resources needed by man for survival. A resource is something one has in the form of raw materials which can be used to increase his wealth. Uko argues that there are two types of resources; material and human resources. Resources in the context of this study are those natural materials or assets obtained from the environment to satisfy human needs and wants. Wildlife resources are those material benefits obtained from wildlife to satisfy human needs and wants. Wildlife provides humanity with a cornucopia of goods and services from food, energy and material to genes which protect our crops and heal our diseases. Wildlife resources provide humanity with food, fiber, fuel, meat, medicine, industrial materials irrespective of ecological zone. Wildlife resources are of nutritional, economic, health ecological, cultural and religious importance to the local user. It is a source of income and means of livelihood among local users. Local users are people living together in communities that depend on wildlife resources for their survival. And because of these reasons almost every forms of wildlife is subject to capture or control by man (local user). Also the food or habitat upon which these animals depend may be damaged or destroyed by human activities, and certain species of wildlife have already become extinct and others are presently endangered. For sustainability of this agricultural resource (wildlife) among local users, conservation and management of wildlife is necessary.
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Wildlife resources that are under vulnerability, endangered threatened and extinct species in Anambra State

Family
Scientific Name
Common Name
Local Name
Thyronmidae
Thyronomys swinderianus
Grasscutter
Nchi
Hystrcidae
Atherurus africanus
Bush-tailed porcupine
Ebi ogwu
Muridae
Cricetomys gambianus
African giant rat
Ewi
Bovidae
Cephalophus maxwelli
Maxwell duiker
Mgbada

Bovidae
Tragelaphus scriptus
Bush buck
Ele
Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecus mona
Mona monkey
Enwe
Suidae
Potamochoerus porcus
Bush pig

Ezi
Numididae
Numida meleargris
Helmeted guinea fowl
Okwa
Viverridae
Vivera civita
African civet cat
Edi
Protoxeridae
Protoxerus strangeri
Geoffroy’s ground squirrel
Nkwukwa



SETBACKS AND STEP NEEDED TO BE TAKEN TO ENSURE THEIR SUSTAINABILITY
Environmental degradation and socio-economic problems are the major setbacks facing wildlife sustainability
The following are environmental degradation facing wildlife sustainability in my State of Origin Anambra:
v Rapid deforestation
v Over hunting/exploitation
v Bush burning
v Pollution
v Use of poison and explosive like dynamite in hunting by hunters
v Loss of habitat
v Agricultural activities like shift cultivation, clean clearing
v Soil degradation and erosion

Socio-Economic Problems facing Wildlife in my Origin
v Presence of strangers in the community
v Religion and westernization
v Local users beliefs are seen as satanic by other religion
v Lack of government interest in conservation and management practices of the local users
v Poverty among local users
v Improved hunting techniques
v Illegal trade of wildlife
v Population growth/explosion
v Loss in the power of traditional rulers of local users caused by civilization
v Value of wildlife

v Commercialization of wildlife

STEP TO ENSURE THEIR SUSTAINABILITY
Ø Avoid burning of bush during hunting
Ø Avoid the use of poison and explosives like dynamite during hunting
Ø Avoid deforestation to prevent loss of wildlife habitat
Ø Avoid dumping of polluted waste material in forest, to prevent pollution of wildlife habitat
Ø Avoid killing rare species of wildlife
Ø Avoid hunting animals for commercial purpose
Ø Avoid killing friendly non-edible wild animals like chameleon
Ø Avoid killing young, pregnant or lactating wildlife
Ø Avoid use of wild meat in wedding, ritual and naming ceremony as a source of meat
Ø Avoid entering and hunting wildlife from sacred forests/forbidden forest
Ø Avoid hunting an animal found in water catchment area
Ø Hunting should target mostly adult and male animals
Ø Setting free wild animals found trapped
Ø Restrict hunting of certain species to specific seasons to allow breeding
Ø Heavy fines on anyone found setting fire on forests
Ø Avoid killing wild animals indiscriminately
Ø Avoid hunting or touching animal sacred to a particular clan










CONCLUSION
Wildlife is one of the agricultural resources that provide Nigerians with food, fiber, fuel, meat, medicine, industrial materials across all ecological zones in the country. It is a source of income and means of livelihood among the local users in Anambra State. Efforts should be made by government and society to encourage wildlife conservation and management among local users to ensure sustainability of this endangered agricultural resource in the nation. The researcher strongly suggests the establishment of Wildlife Conservation and Management Boards (WCMB) in every agricultural zone in the country. Some religious organizations in the zone encourage their members to kill some species of wildlife whenever they see them because they belief them to be demonic and the rules governing sacred forest (habitat for wildlife) which are necessary for wildlife conservation and management must not be obeyed by their members. The establishment of WCMB will help to regulate the indiscriminate killing/hunting of wildlife among local users and help in sensitizing religious leaders to respect traditional wildlife conservation and management practices among their host communities to preserve this endangered resource from going into extinction. A national sensitization programme should be conducted to reawaken the need for every Nigerian to avoid any practices that degrade the environment on which wildlife depends for survival and sustainability as it remains an important agricultural resource and means for livelihood. Wildlife is one of the resources, the researcher suggests the introduction of “wildlife conservation and management” as a general studies (GSP)/Subject into the curriculum of all levels of education in the country. This will help to educate the students, who now represent the majority of the country’s population, in resolving the environmental degradation facing wildlife, and the socio-economic problems militating against some cultural practices that ensure wildlife conservation and management in Nigeria.

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SECTION 1(Business plan section)
  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
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  • STUDY AREA
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  • MARKET SHARE
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  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
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  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS


SECTION 2(Feasibility study section)

  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX

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·         NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.

·        BUT, WE are permitted to display only executive summary.
·         This is just a sample of our executive summary on poultry feasibility study and business plan, carried out in Rivers State. 

·         1st sample;

These Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions in other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study. 

Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi. 

Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom, its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration. 

After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria, it was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.

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