STARTING AQUATIC FARMING (business plans & feasibility study)

STARTING AQUATIC FARMING (business plans & feasibility study)
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QUESTION
  • Do you want to start up a fish/aquatic farming business? 
  • Do you want to know how lucrative your fish/aquatic farming business will be? 
  • Would you want to know how to own, manage, and make millions from your fish/aquatic farming business? 
  • Or, do you want to venture into livestock production generally?
 If yes is your answer, then;
  • What is your motivation?
The first step to take is to know the reason why you want to venture into that business. Your motivation will determine your overall attitude and the business strategy you will want to take. As for fish farming business, you must decide whether you are raising few fishes to feed your family or you want to start on a small scale and gradually grow into a huge commercial enterprise. These questions are left for you to answer for yourself.

  • What do I need to own the farm?
http://www.chrisfarmnigeria.comYou will need the following asset mainly; Money, land, Ponds, Good water source, and Managerial skills  

  • Prerequisite in setting up the farming business
It is important to draft out your business plans, goals and objectives in other to have a clear vision of what you want or need, because, your vision is your driving energy that keeps you running in the presence of obstacles or challenges. And when the vision is clear, you can easily strategies the steps needed to get to your destiny which will deliver your dreams at the long run. You should also make a budget that would consist of all the items you would need to start up the farming business like, cost of land, cost of pond constructions or mobile ponds (as the case may be), cost of feeding your fishes until they are ready for sale, cost of maintaining your business until the fishes are ready for sales (like; salaries of workers, miscellaneous bills like light bills and so on).

  • Success buttons’ needed
For you to success in this business, you will need to gather enough knowledge on the desired aquatic animal you want to rear or culture; nevertheless, I will give you an iceberg of some ideals needed;

a.     Living condition;
You must know the living condition needed of the aquatic animal in view, staring from knowing the required temperature needed for your desired aquatic animal you wish to rear or culture. Most aquatic animals cultured in African can survive in a temperature range of 18 to 30 degree Celsius. And maintaining the PH level of the water is very important in other to enhance the survivals of living organism.
Please note; you should also get rid of all polluting agents like sulphur and sulphuric compounds all around the pond and its surrounding environment.

b.     Regular water supply;
There should be regular supply of clean fresh water for your aquatic animals. Since they are aquatic, they cannot do without water, but that is not a reason to encourage flooding, because if it occurs, your investment can be lost with it.

c.      Pond construction;
Pond construction can take the form of concrete or earthen pond. Concrete is easier to manage but is expensive but earthen ponds are cheaper to construct but more complex to manage. Nevertheless, when constructing your artificial ponds, you must make sure it is deep enough to allow water flow in and out of the pond, that is inlet (higher side) and outlet (lower side) point for easy harvesting. The bottom of the pond should be made of clay soil (especially earthen pond to retain water). Ensure that the pond contains about 16 percent lime or compost to encourage the growth of phytoplankton and zooplanktons that will help break down complex compounds in the ponds in other to release more oxygen in the pond. It also serves as basal feeds for the aquatic animals in the pond. Maintaining the PH level of the pond is very important like between7 to 8. 
d.     Determine the species you want to culture;
In other to determine the species of aquatic animal that would strive well in your locality, it is advisable to carry out a random sampling before selecting specie for optimum return on your investment. 

e.      Feeding;
Aquatic animals are not too difficult to feed because; most of them feed on aquatic plants and animals found inside the pond. So you must create an environment to inhabitants them. Most of them also can even feed on algae, maggots, insect larva and other artificial feeds. Feeding with artificial feeds will help them enhance their growth speedily and also get to market value on time. So, it is advisable to feed them with artificial feeds to grow faster and reduce the competition for food between cultured fishes that would have encouraged cannibalism.

f.       Breeding;
The higher the breeding of your aquatic animal, the higher the feeds consumed, the higher the sales you make from your production and the higher your returns on investment. But don’t let your love for money land you into ineffective management (like; lack of ponds to put them, and money to feed them). Please, breed the aquatic animals you can be able to manage.

g.     Disease control and treatment       
Aquatic animals can be affected or infected with diseases, bacteria’s, virus, nematodes, and fungi. The best way to manage aquatic animals is to prevent them from been infected by all the diseases and infections around. These can be controlled by regular cleaning, preventing over population, and screening your ponds regularly. When there is a disease outbreak, the first treatment is to change the water in the pond. However, you can still apply chemicals like formalin, salt or organophosphates. Please note; professional advice should be followed strictly before applying any of these chemicals.

h.     Marketing strategies;
If your motive is to make profit from your aquatic farming business, then you must give a careful consideration to the best marketing option that would maximize your profits. You can sell directly to consumers or to people who will buy from you in bulk and sell to smaller retailers or final consumers. But note; engage in serious adverting strategy about a month before the maturity of your fish, so that, as soon as it gets mature, you already have ready buyers on ground.       

In conclusion, aquatic farming (catfish/tilapia/prawn/craps/any other aquatic animal) is a lucrative business that can lurch millions into your pockets, but some are more lucrative than others, so do your research very well before venturing into any one.

To know more, please order for the latest bestselling book on fishery, “how to own, manage, and make millions from cat fish production” by Christopher Kelechi Chima
Are you interested on How to own, manage, and make millions from catfish farming businesses? If yes is your answer, why not place an order now by following the ordering instruction after the table of content.

Bestselling book on fishery;
·         How to own a catfish farm
·         How to manage a catfish farm
·         How to own, manage, and make millions from catfish farming business (our best seller)   

·          CONTENT                                                                                                    pages
·         Title Page ……………………………………………………….........................1
·          Table of Content……………………….……………………………….…..…...2
·         Dedication …………………………….…………………………………….......5
·         Acknowledgement ……………………..…………………………………….....5
·         Preface …………………………………..…………………………...................6
·         Chapter One: Introduction
·         1.1       Catfish ……………………....…………………………………..……...8
·         1.2       Why is catfish different from other fishes? .............................................8
·         1.3       Fish classification ………………………………..…………..…............9
·         1.4       Habitat………………………………………..…………………......….10
·         1.5       Morphology ……………………………..………………………..........10
·         Chapter Two:
·         2.0 Giant Catfish of the World…………………………………...……..............17
·         2.1       Scientific classification ……………………………..………............….18
·         2.2       SPECIES CHARACTERISTICS……….………..……………..……...18
·         Chapter Three:
·         3.0       Catfish Family……………………………..…..………………..…....…22
·         3.1       Larval production …….…………………...………………..…..........…23
·         3.2       The culture system ...…………………………………….…...........…...23
·         3.3       Feed and Feeding ………………..………..…………………................23
·         3.4       Hybridization of catfish ……..……………..…………………..............24
·         3.5       Culture system modification …………..….….…………......................24
·         3.6       Prospect and problems of cultured fish ……….................….………....24  
·         Chapter Four:
·         4.0       How to own a Mega fish farm Business……......................…….……....26
·         Chapter Five:
·         5.0       Pond………………………………………….…..…….….....…...…......29
·         5.1       standard features of a fish pond ………..…………............................….29
·         5.2       Types of pond …………………………………..…………................….30
·         5.3       Earthen (Natural) Pond ……………………..………........................…..30
·         5.4       Concrete Pond …………………………..…...........………….…............33
·         5.5       Tarpaulin/Plastic/ Mobile Pond ……..……………....................….....….34
·         5.6       Step in fish Pond establishment ….........................………………...........35
·         5.7       Important of liming …………………………………...............……........36
·         5.8       Fertilizing a pond ……………………………………………..............…37
·         5.9       Fish Pond management ………………………………….…....................38
·         Chapter Six:
·         6.0         Fish Stocking ……………………….………………….................…….40
·         6.1Stocking of fish can take the form of mono/poly-culture............................….40
·         Chapter Seven:
·         7.0       channel catfish …………………………………………...........................41
·         7.1       Species of channel catfish .........................................................................42
·         6.2       Life cycle of channel catfish …………………………..…..............….…42
·         Chapter Eight:
·         8.0       The Electric Catfish ………………………….........…..…………….…..44
·         8.1       Feeding in electric catfish ………………………….................................44
·         8.2       Firing in electric fish …………………………........………………..…...46
·         8.3       Importance tips in managing electric catfish ….…...............................…47
·         Chapter Nine:
·         9.0       African Giant catfish ……………………………………................…….49
·         9.1       Habits of African catfish in the wide ………....................………....…....50
·         9.2       Natural spawning in the wide ……………….…..………........................50
·         9.3       Rearing of African giant catfish ……………….………..................……50
·         Chapter Ten:
·         10.0     Spawning …...…………………………………………...………............54
·         10.1     Hatching techniques in catfish ……………….….................……...….....55
·         10.2     materials needed for (hatching) spawning …......................................…..55
·         10.3     Prerequisite for (Hatching) spawning in catfish .......................................55
·         10.4     Steps in (hatching) spawning ……………………..............……......……56
·         10.5     Some reasons why spawning (Hatching) falls ….................................….63
·         10.6     Characteristics of catfish stages ………………..................……......……63
·         10.7     Transportation of catfish …………………....…......................….........…65
·         Chapter Eleven:
·         11.0     Fish Management …………………………………....................……..…67
·         11.1     How to identify oxygen Depletion in ponds.....................................….....68 
·         11.2     Questions most people ask about catfish management …….....................68
·          
·         Chapter Twelve:
·         12.0     Fish parasite and Diseases ……………………………….........................75
·         12.1     Fish Disease ………………………………………………..................….75
·         12.2     Causes of Diseases ………………………………………........................76
·         12.3     Types of Disease ……………………………...........………...….………76
·         Chapter Three:
·         13.0     Fish preservation …………………….............………………….…....…..84
·         13.1     Method of fish preservation ………………….......................…….….......84
·         13.2     Fish salting ……………………………………………...…............……..84
·         13.3     Drying and Dehydration ………………………................………..……...86
·         13.4     Fish smoking …………………………………………….......…….....…..87 
·         13.5     How to smoke fish …………………………………………….................88 
·         Chapter Fourteen:
·         14.0     How to make millions from catfish production ….....................................90
·         14.1     Advertising ………………………………………...………..…............…90
·         14.2     Marketing ……………………………………………………..............….91
·         14.3     Marketing strategy …………………………...............…………….....….91
·         14.4     How to sustain millions in catfish business……...............................….…93
·         List of figures
·         Fig.1.1 Labeled diagram of a typical tilapia fish ..........................................…..... 12
·         Fig 1.2 labeled diagram of a typical catfish ……………..........................…….….13
·         Fig 1.3 Labeled diagram of a typical external anatomy of a tilapia fish ................14
·          Fig 1.4 Labeled diagram of a typical external anatomy of a carpio cyprisnus.......14 
·         Fig 1.5 Labeled diagram of a typical internal anatomy of a tilapia fish..................14
·         Fig 1.6 Typical example of catfish …………………………………….…......…...15 
·         Fig 8.1 Diagram of electric catfish organs …………………………….……….....45
·         Fig 9.1 claries gariepinus sample …………………………………………..……..50 
·         Fig 9.2 Heterobranchus Bidorsal Sample …………………………………..….….51
·         Fig 10.1 Diagram on how to inject the catfish ………………………....................57
·         Fig 10.2 Diagram on how to extract the milt (sperm) from catfish ……....……….59
·         Fig 10/3 Diagram on how to strip off eggs from catfish and to fertilize them …....61
·         List of tables
·         Table 2.1 scientific classification of catfish ………………........…………….……19
·          
·         Table 3.1 catfish families ………….……………………….……………….......…22 
·         Table 5.1 table showing water retention in soil ……………......………….………32
·         Table 8.1 scientific classification of electric catfish ……………......………..……44
·         Table 9.1 African Giant catfish ………………………………….….…………..…49
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Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.
For your Agribusiness, either production, processing, marketing of any Agro-industry, our feasibility studies or business plan are explicit.
Generally, our feasibility study and business plans are developed so well that it becomes irresistible when you show them to your investors or sponsors. It gives you a clear picture of what you are expected to see when you put the feasibility study or business plans into use. It also shows how much it will cost you to own your desired business, what your money can afford. The kinds of product you will need to minimize input in other to maximize output, and how much returns you will get at the end of each accounting year until your business break-even on its initial investment capital. This will give the intending business person or investor or farmer, a vivid idea on the possible benefit he or she stands to gain, when he or she starts doing the business. With that, the intending business person or investor or farmer will not need a soothsayer to make decision for him or her.

OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;

SECTION 1(Business plan section)
  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS


SECTION 2(Feasibility study section)

  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX

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·         NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.

·        BUT, WE are permitted to display only executive summary.
·         This is just a sample of our executive summary on poultry feasibility study and business plan, carried out in Rivers State. 

·         1st sample;

These Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions in other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study. 

Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi. 

Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom, its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration. 

After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria, it was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.

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