Poultry Floor Management for Business Plan

Poultry Floor Management for Business Plan
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When you are starting a poultry business, the knowledge of litter comes – first in your mind especially WHEN you want to run a deep litter system. A number of materials are suitable for a deep litter system, but some are more suitable than others. 

The main attributes to a good litter, is its absorbent nature and its freedom from excessive dust when compared with others. The following are used on their own or in combination with others; Peat-moss, Straw, Chaff, Cut Straw, Shavings, Sawdust and wool shoddy.
1.         PEAT-MOSS is very dusty and as such not recommended for the Tropics. It is very absorbent and long lasting. Because it is dusty, the interior of the house tends to get covered with a fine brown dust. It is dark and does not reflect light. A good grade   peat-moss with a little dust in it shou1d always be used.

2.         SAWDUST
http://www.chrischima@yahoo.comIt is extensionally used because of its quality and beautiful colour. It is less dusty than peat and almost equally adsorbent. Although it is an excellent absorbent deep litter yet it is not recommended for the North of West African Countries. It breaks down easily into granules, creating whitish dust on the walls. Poultry birds inhale this dust and creates chest congestion leading to fowl bronchitis.

3.         STRAW & CUT-STRAW
The litter becomes damp and unpleasant if it is used as a starting material.
Wheat straw is a little better than oat straw. Cut-straw can make a useful litter. The length should not be more than (One and a half inches) 4 Centimeters long.

4.         SHAVINGS
Timber shavings are very good and highly recommended. They are lighter than peat or saw dust. They do not tend to pad down so much. Their absorption capacity is good. They do not blow about easily. They are easily and cheaply obtainable. They can easily be removed and replaced. (Many people call this saw dust but it is not)

5.         CHAFF
It is too light to be comfortable for the birds. It scatters all over the place. It is not too absorbent and it is not a really suitable material, wool shoddy, Carvings and oat-hull are all the same. Not good.

6.         COMBINATIONS
http://www.chrischima@yahoo.comThe following combinations can be used as a satisfactory base deep litter.
            1.         Shavings and sawdust in equal quantities – sawdust as foundation.
            2.         Shavings and peat moss; 50 to 50— use as foundation
           3.       Shaving and cut Straw – Shaving as foundation plus sawdust in the middle (60, 15, 25) combination. There are several other combinations. We should not forget to use sand when shavings or none of the above is available
  •  By far, the simplest method of starting the litter is to put in a depth of (Six inches) 15cm.Wood shavings right away. This is called deep litter. 
  • There is yet another method. You start with only (two inches) 5cm of litter, add to it at regular intervals  (about 2 weeks) as the droppings accumulate until the depth reaches 15cm for chicks and 23cm for pullet (6in —8in) 
  • The other practice is changing the litter at regular intervals. In schools and Colleges where the poultry farm may be nearer to classrooms the litter must be replaced every week. This will prevent smell and bad smell in the school to the distaste of students, visitors and the school authority. This system is recommended only in the layer houses. 
  • In the growers house, the litter is changed when the birds leave the house, but                   the litter must be dry. 
  • Where the layer house is far away from human settlement the litter can be allowed to build up, for about six month. 
  • In garages and backyards, the rooms must be cleaned every week for layer birds. The droppings contain ammonia, which has a choking smell and unpleasant to people living around. Ammonia is dangerous to human health. So it should be clean up more often. Ammonia has been reported to kill children, and even adults.  The waste also attracts flies into the near by homes. 
  • poultry generally generate unpleasant smell when is not tidy, so, en-devour to keep it tidy always 

Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.
For your Agribusiness, either production, processing, marketing of any Agro-industry, our feasibility studies or business plan are explicit.
Generally, our feasibility study and business plans are developed so well that it becomes irresistible when you show them to your investors or sponsors. It gives you a clear picture of what you are expected to see when you put the feasibility study or business plans into use. It also shows how much it will cost you to own your desired business, what your money can afford. The kinds of product you will need to minimize input in other to maximize output, and how much returns you will get at the end of each accounting year until your business break-even on its initial investment capital. This will give the intending business person or investor or farmer, a vivid idea on the possible benefit he or she stands to gain, when he or she starts doing the business. With that, the intending business person or investor or farmer will not need a soothsayer to make decision for him or her.

OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;

SECTION 1(Business plan section)
  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS


SECTION 2(Feasibility study section)

  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS - PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX

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·         NOTE; According to our policy, we are not “allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study, “to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.

·        BUT, WE are permitted to display only executive summary.
·         This is just a sample of our executive summary on poultry feasibility study and business plan, carried out in Rivers State. 

·         1st sample;

These Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions in other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study. 

Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi. 

Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom, its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration. 

After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria, it was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.

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