Integrated fish-chicken farming

Integrated fish-chicken farming
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Broilers are chicken raised for meat while layers are chicken raised for eggs production (which can be later being sold as old layer meat, ‘as in double income businesses’). 

This business can be integrated with fish culture to reduce costs on fertilizers and feeds in fish culture and which will in turn give maximize benefits.

Chicken can be raised over or adjacent to the ponds and the poultry excreta recycled to fertilize the fishponds. Raising chickens over the pond has certain advantages: it maximizes the use of space; saves labour in transporting manure to the ponds and the poultry house is more hygienic. No significant differences have been observed on the chickens' growth or egg laying when they are raised over the ponds or on land. In case of the former, the pond embankment could still be utilized for raising vegetables.
Fish culture
1. Pond preparation
·         For an example pond of 1 000 m², remove predatory and weed fish either by draining the pond or by applying an approved pesticide.
·         Apply 25 kg lime to pond bottom if the pond is dry, or dissolve lime in water and spray solution if pond has water.
2. Stocking
·         Stock 600-1 000 fingerlings of Indian carps, catla (Catla catla), rohu (Labeo rohita), mrigal (Cirrhinus mrigala) and Chinese carps, silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix), grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Species stocking rate could be 40 percent surface feeders (catla and silver carp), 20 percent rohu, 30 percent bottom feeders (mrigal and common carp) and 10 percent grass carp.
3. Feeding
·         No feeds need to be given, as the feed spilled by chicken (which could be as much as 10 percent) fall into ponds.
4. Fertilization
·         No fertilizer is needed, except for excreta of chicken falling into ponds.
5. Harvesting
·         Harvesting of fish could start 6-7 months after stocking when some fish reach table size.
6. Oxygen depletion
·         When water becomes deep green due to plankton blooms, oxygen in the water may get depleted and fish may die. In such cases, put mats or plastic sheets below the poultry house to catch the chicken excreta and suspend nutrient inputs for 1 to 3 weeks. If possible, immediately irrigate the pond with freshwater.
http:www.chrisfarmnigeria.comHow to handle your chick when raising